Possibilities of Using Board Games to Develop Communication Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

510

Abstract

The article presents an experimental study aimed at identifying the possibilities of using Board games to develop communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study involved 6 children diagnosed with ASD from 4 years 8 months to 8 years. The experiment lasted two and a half months, with each child was conducted about 20 classes (of 2 hours), during which each of the selected games was held 2 times. Two board games were used, corresponding to the level of development of children — “Walker” and “Memory”. Communication skills were evaluated in two directions — the ability to focus on the partner’s actions during the game and ways to address the partner in the game. The analysis of changes in communication skills of each child is presented. In General, the results obtained in the experimental study suggest that board games can act as an effective means of developing communication skills in children with ASD. Through board games, children were able to develop the skills of paying attention to the partner during the game, tracking their actions and waiting for their turn, addressing the partner and answering a question. The results obtained from the presented sample of subjects showed that better dynamics in the development of communication skills were demonstrated by children with initially higher development indicators, regardless of age.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, ASD, correctional and developmental work, communication skills, board games

Journal rubric: Scientific Validity of the Practices of Psychological and Pedagogical Work with Childhood Implemented in the Education System

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2020170105

For citation: Klopotova E.E., Krupnova I.Y. Possibilities of Using Board Games to Develop Communication Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2020. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 41–50. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2020170105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Baulina M.E. Spetsifika kommunikativnykh navykov u doshkol’nikov s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Specificity of communication skills in preschool children with autism spectrum disorders]. Korrektsionnaya pedagogika: teoriya i praktika [Correctional Pedagogy: Theory and Practice], 2016, no. 3 (69), pp. 26–30.
  2. Bolotskikh N.V., Nikitishina N.A., Chernobaeva S.A. Osobennosti formirovaniya kommunikativnykh navykov u negovoryashchikh doshkol’nikov s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spectra [Features of the formation of communication skills in non-speaking preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders]. Obrazovanie i vospitanie [Education and Upbringing], 2018, no. 2 (17), pp. 12–14.
  3. Volkova N.N. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie usloviya korrektsionnoi raboty s det’mi doshkol’nogo vozrasta s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spectra [Psychological and pedagogical conditions of correctional work with preschool children with autism spectrum disorders]. Voprosy pedagogiki [Pedagogical Issues], 2019, no. 10-1, pp. 23–31.
  4. Grigorenko E.L. Rasstroistva autisticheskogo spektra. Vvodnyi kurs: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov [Autism spectrum disorders. Introductory course. Study Guide for Students]. Moscow: Praktika, 2018. 280 p.
  5. Koneva I.A., Bystrova I.A. Osobennosti kommunikativnykh navykov doshkol’nikov s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra [Features of communication skills of preschool children with autism spectrum disorders]. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya [Problems of Modern Teacher Education], 2019, no. 63-1, pp. 161–163.
  6. Cooper J. et al. Prikladnoi analiz povedeniya [Applied Behavior Analysis]. Moscow: Praktika, 2016. 868 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Leonova I.V. Razvitie kommunikativnykh i rechevykh navykov doshkol’nikov s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spectra [Development of communication and speech skills of preschool children with autism spectrum disorders]. Sovremennoe pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie [Modern Pedagogical Education], 2020, no. 2, pp. 157–162.
  8. Naumova M.V. AVA-terapiya kak effektivnoe sredstvo razvitiya kommunikativnykh navykov u detei s rasstroistvom autisticheskogo spectra [ABA therapy as an effective means of developing communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder]. Teoriya i praktika sovremennoi nauki [Theory and Practice of Modern Science], 2019, no. 1 (43), pp. 395–397.
  9. P’yankova Ya.P. Formirovanie kommunikativnykh navykov u doshkol’nikov s rasstroistvom autisticheskogo spektra [Formation of communication skills in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder]. Obrazovanie i nauka v Rossii i za rubezhom [Education and Science in Russia and Abroad], 2019, no.1 (49), pp. 145–147.
  10. Rogers S. et al. Uchebnik po denverskoi modeli rannego vmeshatel’stva dlya detei s autizmom. Razvivaem rech’, umenie uchit’sya i motivatsiyu [A textbook on the Denver model of early intervention for children with autism. We develop speech, learning and motivation]. Moscow: IP Tolkachev, 2019. 432 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Roslyakova N.I., Safronova A.D. Resurs metoda poshagovogo obucheniya v formirovanii kommunikativnykh navykov u detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spectra [The resource of the method of step-by-step learning in the formation of communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorders]. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie i nauka [Pedagogical Education and Science], 2017, no. 3, pp. 68–73.
  12. Sunagatullina I.I., Pustovoitova O.V., Yakovleva L.A. Problema formirovaniya kommunikativnykh navykov u detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra s ispol’zovaniem igrovykh priemov [The problem of the formation of communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorders using game techniques]. Sovremennoe pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie [Modern Pedagogical Education], 2019, no. 8, pp. 119–123.
  13. Taubman M., Leaf R., McEachin J. Est’ kontakt! Uchebnye programmy. Sotsializatsiya lyudei s autizmom s pomoshch’yu prikladnogo povedencheskogo analiza [Crafting Connections: Contempopary applied behavior analysis for enriching the social lives of persons with autism spectrum disorder]. Moscow: Tolkachev, 2018. 446 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Khaustov A.V. Formirovanie navykov rechevoi kommunikatsii u detei s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra: Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [The formation of verbal communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorders. Training manual]. Moscow: TsPMSSDiP, 2010. 87 p.
  15. Khaustov A.V., Krasnosel’skaya E.L., Khaustova I.M. Deti s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra. Protokol pedagogicheskogo obsledovaniya [Children with autism spectrum disorders. Pedagogical examination protocol]. Praktika upravleniya DOU [Kindergarten Management Practice], 2014, no. 1. pp. 32–50.

Information About the Authors

Ekaterina E. Klopotova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology, Faculty of Psychology of Education, Senior Researcher of Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Contemporary Childhood, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1975-318X, e-mail: klopotova@yandex.ru

Inga Y. Krupnova, Second Year Master’s Student, Faculty of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3415-7730, e-mail: amandainga@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 1193
Previous month: 9
Current month: 9

Downloads

Total: 510
Previous month: 10
Current month: 7