Mental Arithmetic, Neuropsychological Techniques and Kinesiology as Basic Methods in the Development of Cognitive Processes in Preschoolers and Primary Schoolchildren

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Abstract

The article considers the features of the application of the program, which was developed for children of preschool and primary school age with learning difficulties and developmental disabilities. The program is based on neuropsychological and kinesiological approaches, as well as mnemonics. The purpose of the program is to develop memory, attention, as well as increase motivation for learning and self-confidence among normotypical children. Preliminary experience has shown that for children with disabilities the “Mental arithmetic” technology is only partially applicable, since, on the one hand, the results of the correction of mental processes and motivation are not fixed for a long period of time, and, on the other hand, children with disabilities do not withstand the rhythm of a 60-minute lesson, quickly get tired and refuse to do it. In this regard, it was decided to identify technologies that allow children, without experiencing stress and fatigue, to replenish their physical strength — while intensively engaging in intellectual exercises and developing independence. The article describes the practical development of areas and approaches in which the above technologies are used and give stable and sustainable results.

General Information

Keywords: memory, attention, development, neuropsychology, kinesiology, mental arithmetic

Journal rubric: Scientific Validity of the Practices of Psychological and Pedagogical Work with Childhood Implemented in the Education System

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2022190103

Received: 13.12.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Ryabushenko L.V., Ustinova O.M. Mental Arithmetic, Neuropsychological Techniques and Kinesiology as Basic Methods in the Development of Cognitive Processes in Preschoolers and Primary Schoolchildren [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2022. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 33–43. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2022190103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Lilya V. Ryabushenko, Teacher-Psychologist, School named after V.V. Mayakovsky, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5229-6753, e-mail: liliary@mail.ru

Olesya M. Ustinova, Teacher-Psychologist, School named after V.V. Mayakovsky, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6565-939X, e-mail: liliary@mail.ru

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