The problem of inner form of masterpieces in works of State Academy of Arts (GAKhN)



The article reviews the works of State Academy of Arts (GAKhN) dedicated to the problem of inner form which were carried out during 1920—1930s in Russia. The author shows the substance of two research directions, on literature (G.G. Shpet) and on painting (A.G. Gabrichevsky, N.I. Zhinkin, B.M. Teplov), in which the means of translating an artist's emotional experience were revealed in different ways, and various methods were used for evoking emotions of an audience. Understanding that sign and symbol are interrelated through the correlation between logical and poetical inner forms — that is what unites the two directions.

General Information

Keywords: internal form, work of art, logical form, poetical form, sign, symbol, aesthetic experiences

Journal rubric: Discussions and Discourses

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Martsinkovskaya T.D., Poleva N.S. The problem of inner form of masterpieces in works of State Academy of Arts (GAKhN). Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2006. Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 98–104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Arhiv GAHN. RGALI, f. 941.
  2. Byulleteni. GAHN. 1925—1928. № 1—11.
  3. Gabrichevskii A.G. Morfologiya iskusstva. M., 2002.
  4. Iskusstvo portreta / Pod red. A.G. Gabrichevskogo. M., 1928.
  5. Hudozhestvennaya forma // Pod red. A.G. Ciresa. M., 1927.
  6. Shpet G.G. Sochineniya. M., 1989.
  7. Shpet G.G. Psihologiya social'nogo bytiya. M.; Voronezh, 1996.
  8. Shpet G.G. Arhivnye materialy. Vospominaniya. Stat'i. M., 2000.

Information About the Authors

Tatiana D. Martsinkovskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Director of the Institute, Institute of psychology named after L. Vygotsky, Russian State University for the humanities, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Natalia S. Poleva, PhD in Psychology, Senior researcher at the Historical Psychology of Personality Laboratory at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 3398
Previous month: 15
Current month: 10


Total: 1138
Previous month: 8
Current month: 3