L.S. Vygotsky and Scientific Schools of Moscow State University: Unity in Diversity

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Abstract

The historical-methodological paper reviews the developmental origins of the Moscow State University's schools of psychology that were related to G.I. Chelpanov's activities. It reviews the schools of thought developed by L.S. Vygotsky, S.L. Rubinstein, A.N. Leontiev, A.R. Luria, P.Ya. Galperin, B.V. Zeigarnik, and Ye.N. Sokolov. The artcile reveals not only the differences between these schools (i.e. the differences in main concepts and topics), but also common ground in their basic positions that trace back to the ideas of L.S. Vygotsky's cultural-historical psychology. The University's schools of thought are represented as a 'tree': L.S. Vygotsky's theory is compared to its roots, S.L. Rubinstein's, A.N. Leontiev's and P.Ya. Galperin's treories - to its trunk, and A.R. Luria's neuropsychological theory and Ye.N. Sokolov's psychophysiological theory - to its branches. This representation refers to the author's conclusion that all these schools should be regarded as a joint school of psychology of the Moscow State University.

General Information

Keywords: cultural-historical psychology, activity psychology, neuropsychology, pathopsychology, psychophysiology, Moscow State University's joint school of psychology

Journal rubric: Problems of Cultural-Historical and Activity Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Zhdan A.N. L.S. Vygotsky and Scientific Schools of Moscow State University: Unity in Diversity. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2007. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 29–34. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Antonina N. Zhdan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor at the General Psychology Department at the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonossov Moscow State University, Fellow Member of the Russian Academy of Education, member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Methodology and History of Psychology”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: zhdan@list.ru

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