Development of Higher Mental Processes in Urban and Rural Children

649

Abstract

The article presents results of a neuropsychological study of child populations. Representative sample consisted of 2253 children aged 4—11 years, living in different towns and rural areas. The study focused on developmental features of functional brain asymmetry and higher mental processes and their dependence on the child's place of residence. It shows that the urban and rural populations differ in the degree of functional lateralisation, in the development of movements and actions, speech, and visuospatial processes. Therefore each population has its own developmental norms. In the ontogenetic stage explored in the study the right hemisphere was developed better in the rural population, whereas functional systems of the left hemisphere developed quicker in the urban population. This results in the specificity of children’s cognitive activity, adaptation to social factors and school education, and mental disorders.

General Information

Keywords: child populations, urban and rural children, functional brain asymmetry, neuropsychology, mental processes

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Polyakov V.M. Development of Higher Mental Processes in Urban and Rural Children. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2008. Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 9–16. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Arshavskii V.V. Mezhpolusharnaya asimmetriya v sisteme poiskovoi aktivnosti (K probleme adaptacii cheloveka vpripolyarnyh raionah SeveroVostoka SSSR). Vladivostok,1988.
  2. Ahutina T.V., Pylaeva N.M. Diagnostika razvitiyazritel'noverbal'nyh funkcii. M., 2003.
  3. Ahutina T.V., Yablokova L.V., Polonskaya N.N.Neiropsihologicheskii analiz individual'nyh razlichii u detei:parametry ocenki // Neiropsihologiya i psihofiziologiya individual'nyh razlichii / Pod red. E.D. Homskoi, V.A. Moskvina.M.; Orenburg, 2000.
  4. Bianki V.L., Filippov E.B., Shram V.A., Magnitskaya E.V., Haritonov E.V. Sluhorechevaya i zritel'noprostranstvennayapamyat' u mladshih shkol'nikov s razlichnym lateral'nym profilem // Fiziologiya cheloveka. 1996. T. 22. № 3.
  5. Kintanar L., Solov'eva Yu., Lazaro E. Lurievskii podhodv neiropsihologicheskom obsledovanii shkol'nikov goroda i derevni v Meksike // Vestn. Mosk. unta. Ser 14. Psihologiya.2002. № 4.
  6. Korsakova N.K., Mikadze Yu.V., Balashova E.Yu.Neuspevayushie deti: Neiropsihologicheskaya diagnostikatrudnostei v obuchenii mladshih shkol'nikov. M., 2001.
  7. Leutin V.P., Nikolaeva E.I. Funkcional'naya asimmetriya mozga: mify i deistvitel'nost'. SPb., 2005.
  8. Leutin V.P., Roifman M.D., Pichkurov A.M., Krivoshekov S.G. Polovye razlichiya struktury raspredeleniya lateral'nosti u tuvinskih shkol'nikov // Fiziologiya cheloveka,1997. T. 23.
  9. Luriya A.R. Vysshie korkovye funkcii cheloveka. M.,1969.
  10. Luriya A.R. Ob istoricheskom razvitii poznavatel'nyh processov. M., 1974.
  11. Manelis N.G. Neiropsihologicheskie zakonomernosti normal'nogo razvitiya // Shkola zdorov'ya. 1999. T. 6.
  12. Mikadze Yu.V. Differencial'naya neiropsihologiya det skogo vozrasta // Voprosy psihologii. 2002. № 4.
  13. Moskvin V.A. Mezhpolusharnye otnosheniya i proble ma individual'nyh razlichii. M.; Orenburg, 2002.
  14. Moskovichyute L.I. Asimmetriya polusharii mozga na urovne kory i podkorkovyh obrazovanii // 1ya Mezhdunarodnaya konfer enciya pamyati A.R. Luriya: Sb. dokladov. M.1998.
  15. Semenovich A.V. Neiropsihologicheskaya korrekciya v detskom vozraste. Metod zameshayushego ontogeneza. M.,2007.
  16. Simernickaya E.G. Dominantnost' polusharii //Neiropsihologicheskie issledovaniya / Pod red. A.R. Luriya.M., 1978. Vyp. 10.
  17. Simernickaya E.G. Mozg cheloveka i psihicheskie processy v ontogeneze. M., 1985.
  18. Tynalieva B.K. Mezhpolusharnaya asimmetriya golovnogo mozga zhitelei gornyh raionov Kyrgyzstana: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. med. nauk. Bishkek, 2003.
  19. Tynalieva B.K. Mezhpolusharnaya asimmetriya golovnogo mozga zhitelei gornyh regionov Kyrgyzstana //Aktual'nye voprosy funkcional'noi mezhpolusharnoi asim metrii. Materialy Vtoroi vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferencii.M., 2003.
  20. Homskaya E.D. Neiropsihologiya: 4e izd. SPb., 2005.
  21. Homskaya E.D., Efimova I.V., Budyka E.V., Enikolopova E.V. Neiropsihologiya individual'nyh razlichii.M., 1997.
  22. Shteinbah H.E., Elenskii V.I. Psihologiya zhiznennogo prostranstva. SPb., 2004.
  23. Yzhikova E.A. Psihofiziologicheskaya i morfo funkcional'naya harakteristika podrostkov 14 - 15 let altaiskoi i russkoi nacional'nosti. Avt. dis. kand. biol. nauk. Novosibirsk, 2000.
  24. Calhoun J.B. Population Density and Social Pathology // Scientific American. 1962. Vol. 206.
  25. Hardyck C., Petrinovich L.F., Goldman R.D. Left handedness and cognitive deficit // Cortex. 1976. Vol. 12. № 3.
  26. Schmidt D.E., Keating J.P. Human Crowding and Personal Control // Psychological Bulletin. 1979. Vol. 86. №4.

Information About the Authors

V. M. Polyakov, PhD in Psychology, Russia, e-mail: vmpolyakov@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 3600
Previous month: 20
Current month: 35

Downloads

Total: 649
Previous month: 3
Current month: 4