Deviant Behaviour in 18th - beginning of 20th Century (On the Materials of Olonetskaya Province)

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Abstract

The paper describes main aspects of historical development of deviant behaviour which, in the author's opinion, is greatly influenced by socioeconomic, gender, ethnic and religious factors. But perhaps the most influential factor affecting one's 'choice' of deviant behaviour was his/her social class. Deviance is regarded as a pulsating phenomenon, with its peak of development and its spread coinciding with periods of social instability. However, a precise definition of deviance is difficult to give: in different social groups acceptable behaviour was defined according to their own norms and values. In the period under consideration the ability of the society (of church, repressive apparatus, other institutions) to resist deviance proved to be quite poor.

General Information

Keywords: deviance, deviant behaviour, crime, prostitution, social classes, Orthodox Church, gender, parish, education, clergy, peasants, 'gentlefolk'

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Pulkin M.V. Deviant Behaviour in 18th - beginning of 20th Century (On the Materials of Olonetskaya Province). Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2008. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 84–90. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

M. V. Pulkin, PhD in Psychology, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: vmp@sampo.ru

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