Essay on History of Kharkov Psychological School: First Scientific Session of the Kharkov State Pedagogical Institute and the Emergence of «the Kharkov Psychological School» (1938)

710

Abstract

The present article precedes the publication of archival materials: the talks of P. Ya. Galperin and P. I. Zinchenko at the scientific session of the Kharkov State Pedagogical Institute in 1938 and sets the historical context of this scientific forum and speeches of Kharkov psychologists. The author discusses the linguistic features of the scientific discourse in the Soviet Union in the 1930s and introduces the concept of «scientific doublespeak». This concept results from the scientific text's author orientation on the «dual-recipient». On the one hand it is the state censorship authorities and on the other — the real scientific audience. The hypothesis of an anonymous collective coauthorship («quasi-pseudonymity», B. Meshcheryakov) of a number of scientific texts traditionally attributed to only one of the real authors is introduced. Finally, the article discusses the time of creation of the scientific construct of «Kharkov Psychological School» and Elkonin's hypothetical authorship of the term.

General Information

Keywords: Kharkov Psychological School, Kharkov Pedagogical School, History of Science Methodology, Scientific Practices, Discourse, Doublespeak, Anonymous Collective Co-Authorship, Quasi-Pseudonymity, Psychology of Memory, P. I. Zinchenko, P. Ya. Galperin, A. N. Leontiev, L. S. Vygotsky, A. S. Zaluzhny

Journal rubric: History of Science

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Yasnitsky A. Essay on History of Kharkov Psychological School: First Scientific Session of the Kharkov State Pedagogical Institute and the Emergence of «the Kharkov Psychological School» (1938). Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2009. Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 95–108. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1.  XVII s'ezd VKP(b) 26 yanvarya - 10 fevralya 1934 g. Stenograficheskiy otchet
  2. Aranovskaya-Dubovis D. M., Zaika E. V. Idei A. V. Zaporozhza o razvitii lichnosti doshkol'nika // Voprosy psichologii. 1995. № 5.
  3. Basilova T. A. O Sokolyanskom i ego metodach obucheniya gluchich i slepogluchich detey, tak interesovavshich Vygotskogo // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psichologiya. 2006. № 3.
  4. Brodskiy I. A. Geografiya zla (rezenziya Brodskogo na angliyskiy perevod romana A. I. Solzhenizyna «Archipelag GULAG»). 1977.
  5. Voloshin P. V. Istoriya Ukrainskogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta klinicheskoy i eksperimental'noy nevrologii i psichiatrii. 1994.
  6. Voloshina N. P., Maruta N. A. Institutu nevrologii, psichiatrii i narkologii AMN Ukrainy 85 let! // Mezhdunarodnyy nevrologicheskiy zhurnal. 2007. № 13.
  7. Vygotsky L. S. Fashizm v psichonevrologii / Red. L. S. Vygotsky, V. A. Gilyarovskiy, M. O. Gurevich, M. B. Krol', A. S. Shmar'yan. M.; L., 1934.
  8. Ginevskaya T. O. Vospominaniya ob A. V. Zaporozhze // A. V. Zaporozhez chelovek i myslitel'. Vospominaniya soratnikov, uchenikov i druzey. Materialy mezhdunarodnoy yubileynoy nauchnoy konferenzii, posvyaschennoy 100letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya A. V. Zaporozhza
    (12.09.1905—07.10.1981) / Red. L. A. Paramonova M., 2005.
  9. Gosstatizdat. Kul'turnoe stroitel'stvo SSSR. M., 1956.
  10. Druzhnikov Yu. I. Figa v karmane kak uslovie vyzhivaniya (s. 241—264) // Duel' s pushkinistami. Pskov, 2004.
  11. Dubovis D. M., Chomenko K. E. Voprosy psichologii chudozhestvennogo vospriyatiya v trudach A. V. Zaporozhza (K 80letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya) // Voprosy psichologii.1985. № 5.
  12. Esakov V. D. Sovetskaya nauka v gody pervoy pyatiletki: Osnovnye napravleniya gosudarstvennogo rukovodstva naukoy M., 1971.
  13. Zaluzhnyy A. S. Uchenie o kollektive. M.; L., 1930.
  14. Zaporozhez A. V. Master: Vospominaniya o Lese Kurbase // Zaporozhez A. V. Izbrannye psichologicheskie proizvedeniya / Red. V. V. Davydov, V. P. Zinchenko. T. 1. M., 1986.
  15. Zinchenko P. I. Problema neproizvol'nogo zapominaniya // Nauchnye zapiski Char'kovskogo pedagogicheskogo instituta inostrannych yazykov. 1939. T. 1.
  16. Kataeva-Venger A. A. Kuda zhe my mchalis'? Povest' o detstve i yunosti. 1994. 
  17. Kravzova E. E. S Vygotskim nado sporit' // «Novaya gazeta». № 90. 26—28.11.07 (prilozhenie «Kentavr», № 7) 2007.
  18. Leont'ev A. A., Leont'ev D. A., Sokolova E. E. Spisok pechatnych rabot A. N. Leont'eva // Aleksey Nikolaevich Leont'ev. Deyatel'nost', soznanie, lichnost' / Red. A. A. Leont'ev, D. A. Leont'ev, E. E. Sokolova. M., 2005.
  19. Leont'ev A. N. Materialy o soznanii // Leont'ev A. N. Filosofiya psichologii: Iz nauchnogo naslediya / Red. A. A. Leont'ev, D. A. Leont'ev. M., 1994.
  20. Leont'ev A. N. Razvitie pamyati. Eksperimental'noe issledovanie vysshich psichologicheskich funkziy. M.; L., 1931.
  21. Leont'ev A. N. Problema deyatel'nosti v istorii sovetskoy psichologii // Voprosy psichologii. 1976/1986. № 4.
  22. Leont'ev A. N. Avtobiografiya // Tradizii i perspektivy deyatel'nostnogo podchoda v psichologii: shkola A. N. Leont'eva / Red. A. E. Voyskunskiy, A. N. Zhdan, O. K. Tichomirov M., 1999.
  23. Leont'ev A. N., Leont'ev A. A. Ustnaya avtobiografiya A. N. Leont'eva // Aleksey Nikolaevich Leont'ev. Deyatel'nost', soznanie, lichnost' / Red. A. A. Leont'ev, D. A. Leont'ev, E. E. Sokolova. M., 1976/2005.
  24. Leont'ev D. A. «Emu bylo o chem molchat', i on naverno ob ochen' mnogom molchal v svoey zhizni» // Zhurnal prakticheskogo psichologa. 2003. № 1 - 2.
  25. Memorial. Zhertvy politicheskogo terrora v SSSR. Rozenblyum Anatoliy Il'ich.
  26. Meshcheryakov B. G. Mnemicheskie effekty P. I. Zinchenko // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psichologiya. 2009. № 2.
  27. Savenko Yu. S. Leon Lazarevich Rochlin (1903-1984) // Nezavisimyy psichiatricheskiy zhurnal. 2003. № 2.
  28. Savenko Yu. S. Filipp Veniaminovich Bassin Vol'ter otechestvennoy psichonevrologii (1905—1992) // Nezavisimyy psichiatricheskiy zhurnal. 2006. № 3.
  29. Sokolova E. E. Char'kovskaya shkola // Bol'shoy psichologicheskiy slovar' / Red. B. G. Mescheryakov, V. P.. Zinchenko. M., 2003.
  30. Sokolova E. E. Linii razrabotki idey L. S. Vygotskogo v Char'kovskoy psichologicheskoy shkole // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psichologiya. 2007. № 1.
  31. Stepanov Yu. S. Stilistika // Lingvisticheskiy ekziklopedicheskiy slovar' / Red. V. N. Yarzeva. M., 1990.
  32. Stezenko A. P. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya teoriya deyatel'nosti v kontekste sovremennoy psichologii: Neklassicheskiy podchod k «neklassicheskoy» teorii // Psichologicheskaya teoriya deytel'nosti:vchera, segodnya, zavtra / Red. A. A. Leont'ev. M., 2006.
  33. Tynyanov Yu. N. Smert' VazirMuchtara. 1928/1985
  34. El'konin D. B. Vospominaniya o soratnike i druge // A. N. Leont'ev i sovremennaya psichologiya: Sbornik statey pamyati A. N. Leont'eva / Red. A. V. Zaporozhez, V. P. Zinchenko, O. V. Ovchinnikova, O. K. Tichomirov. M., 1983.
  35. Yasnitsky A. Ocherk istorii Char'kovskoy shkoly psichologii: period 1931-1936 gg. // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psichologiya. 2008. № 3.
  36. Asnіn V. І. Pro umovi nadіynostі psichologіchnogo eksperіmentu // Naukovі zapiski Charkіvs'kogo derzhavnogo pedagogіchnogo іnstitutu. 1941. T. 6.
  37. Danilenko V. M., Kuz'menko M. Naukovopedagogіchna іntelіgenzіya v roki golodu // Ukraїns'kiy іstorichniy zhurnal. 2003. № 5.
  38. Zіnchenko P. «Charkіvs'ka pedagogіchna shkola» і psichologіya // Komunіstichna osvіta. Naukovopedagogіchniy organ Narkomprosu USRR 1934. № 10.
  39. Kuz'menko M. Archіvnі materіali ZDAGO Ukraїni ta ZDAVO Ukraїni z problemi dіyal'nostі іnstitutu chervonoї profesuri u 2030tі roki ChCh st. // Schіd. 2005. № 5.
  40. Lukov G. D. Pro usvіdomlyuvannya ditinoyu movi v prozesі gri // Naukovі zapiski Charkіvs'kogo derzhavnogo pedagogіchnogo іnstitutu. 1939. T. 1.
  41. Marochko V., Chіllіg G. Represovanі pedagogi Ukraїni: zhertvi polіtichnogo teroru (1929—1941). Kiїv, 2003.
  42. Chomenko O. O. Rozumіnnya chudozhn'ogo obrazu dіt'mi molodshogo vіku // Naukovі zapiski Charkіvs'kogo derzhavnogo pedagogіchnogo іnstitutu. 1941. T. 6.
  43. Yarmachenko M. D. Dіyal'nіst' Іnstitutu v umovach partіynoіdeologіchnogo tisku // Іnstitut pedagogіki: poglyad cherez roki (Do 75rіchchya vіd dnya zasnuvannya Ukraїns'kogo naukovodoslіdnogo Іnstitutu pedagogіki) / Red. V. M. Madzіgon, M. D. Yarmachenko. Kiїv, 2002.
  44. Clarke A., Fujimura J. (Ред.). (1992). The right tools for the job: At work in twentieth century life sciences. Princeton: Princeton University.
  45. Cole M. Introduction: The Kharkov school of developmental psychology // Soviet psychology. 1980. Т. 18. № 2.
  46. Haenen J., Galperin P. I. An interview with P. Ya. Gal'perin // Soviet psychology. 1989. Т. 27. № 3.
  47. Knorr-Cetina K. The manufacture of knowledge: An essay on the constructivist and contextual nature of science. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1981.
  48. Krementsov N. L. Stalinist science. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.
  49. Latour B., Woolgar S.Laboratory life: The social construction of scientific facts. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1979.
  50. Meshcheryakov B. G. The Mnemic Effects of P. I. Zinchenko // Journal of Russian and East European Psychology. 2008. Т. 46. № 6.
  51. Orwell G. Nineteen eightyfour. London, UK: Secker & Warburg, 1949.
  52. Van der Veer R., Valsiner J. The Vygotsky reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1994.
  53. Yasnitsky A., Ferrari M. From Vygotsky to Vygotskian psychology: Introduction to the history of the Kharkov school // Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. 2008. Т. 44. № 2. [Free full-text]
  54. Yasnitsky A., Ferrari M. Rethinking the early history of post-Vygotskian psychology: the case of the Kharkov school // History of Psychology. 2008. Т. 11. № 2. [Free full-text]

Information About the Authors

A. Yasnitsky, Postdoctoral fellow (York University), research assistant (University of Toronto), Toronto, Canada

Metrics

Views

Total: 3547
Previous month: 8
Current month: 5

Downloads

Total: 710
Previous month: 3
Current month: 1