Adaptation of J. Crocker's Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale



This paper summarizes the outcomes of a study aimed at creating a Russian version of the Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale (CSW) by J. Crocker and adapting it in a Russian sample. The theoretical context to which the scale refers is built around the idea of the importance of taking into account the foundations upon which a person bases his/her self-worth. The paper describes the adaptation procedure and stages (791 subjects partic- ipated in the process, 309 males and 482 females, with an average age of 20.5 years), presents results of inter- nal consistency assessments (Cronbach's alpha ranges between 0.67 and 0.84), discriminative ability (indices ranging from 0.55 to 0.86), test-retest reliability (the Spearman correlation coefficient 0.54 to 0.79, p < 0.001), and construct validity. The analysis of psychometric features in the Russian version of the scale revealed the following: the questions in each of the seven scales are consistent and have good discrimination ability; the scale measures what it claims; the results are stable across time; the factor structure of the technique confirms the selection of the seven bases of self-worth. Therefore, the study proved that the Russian version of the scale can be used in research on the bases of self-worth.

General Information

Keywords: self-worth, external and internal bases of self-worth, self-esteem, self-efficacy

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Molchanova O.N., Nekrasova T.Y. Adaptation of J. Crocker's Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2013. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 65–73. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Abul'khanova K.A. Problema individual'nosti v psikhologii [The problem of identity in psychology]. Psikhologiia individu- al'nosti: Novye modeli i kontseptsii / Pod nauch. red. E.B. Sta- rovoitenko, V.D. Shadrikova. Moscow, 2009.
  2. Borozdina L.V. Chto takoe samootsenka? [What is self- esteem ?]. Psychological Journal [Psikhologicheskii zhurnal]. 1992. T. 13. № 4. P. 99—100.
  3. Molchanova O.N. Samootsenka: Teoreticheskie problemy i empiricheskie issledovaniia: ucheb. posobie. [Self-esteem: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Studies : studies. Allowance]. Moscow, 2010.
  4. Obshchaia psikhodiagnostika [Overall psychodiagnosis] / Pod red. A.A. Bodaleva, V.V. Stolina. — Moscow, 1987.
  5. Pantileev S.R. Samootnoshenie kak emotsional'no-tsen- nostnaia sistema (spetskurs). [The Self as an emotionally — value system (special course )] — Moscow, 1991.
  6. Shvartser R., Erusalem M., Romek V.G. Russkaia versiia shkaly obshchei samoeffektivnosti [Russian version of the gener- al self-efficacy scale]. Inostrannaia psikhologiia. [Foreign psy- chology]. 1996. № 7. P. 71—76.
  7. Crocker J., Lee S. J., Park L.E. The pursuit of self-esteem: Implications for good and evil // A. G. Miller (Ed.). The social psy- chology of good and evil. New York: Guilford Press, 2004. Available at: RL/docs/Crocker,%20Lee,%20Park%20(2004,%20Chapter%20i n%20Social%20Psychology%20of%20Good%20and%20Evil.pdf
  8. Crocker J., Luhtanen R.K., Cooper M. L., Bouvrette A. Contingencies of Self-Worth in College Students: Theory and Measurement // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003. 85 (5). P. 894—908.
  9. Crocker J., Wolfe C. Contingencies of Self-Worth // Persona- lity and Social Psychology Review. 2001. 108 (3). P. 593—623.
  10. Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard / Ed. by

Information About the Authors

Olga N. Molchanova, PhD in Psychology, Assistant professor at the Psychology faculty, the State University "Higher School of Economics", Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Tatyana Y. Nekrasova, lecturer at the Faculty of Psychology, National Research University "Higher School of Economics" (Moscow, Russia), Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 4406
Previous month: 46
Current month: 55


Total: 2872
Previous month: 28
Current month: 17