Empathy Strategies in Professional Activities of Psychologists and Actors

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Abstract

Following the later works of F.Ye. Vasilyuk, we put empathy in the center of consideration and review it as a separate activity that lies at the core of some professional activities. Professional activity requires the performer to organize the process of empathy in a special way so that certain professional goals could be achieved. The paper presents results of a preliminary qualitative study on the reflection of empathy strategies in individuals in whose professions experience and empathy are the central subject of work. Using a phenomenological analysis of an empathy interview, a number of empathy strategies were identified that counseling psychologists and actors use in their professional activities. Strategies of achieving empathy in these two professional areas have a number of similarities, as well as a number of differences, due to the specificity of professional tasks. The paper also outlines the typical difficulties emerging in the process of empathy and ways of overcoming them.

General Information

Keywords: experience, empathy, Stanislavsky system of acting, psychotherapy, psychological counseling

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2019150110

For citation: Arkhangelskaya V.V., Puk N.M. Empathy Strategies in Professional Activities of Psychologists and Actors. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2019. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 93–101. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2019150110. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Viktoria V. Arkhangelskaya, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Editor of the scientific journal “Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: v-arch2006@yandex.ru

Natalia M. Puk, MA in Psychology, Educator, Building № 11 "Our house", GBOU School №1206, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: puknm@school1206.ru

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