The defensive organization of the personality in affective disorders and investigation of its dynamic during a psychoanalytic interview



The article describes a psychoanalytically-informed study of the defense organization of the personality of patients with affective disorders during a psychoanalytic interview. The authors propose their definition of the defensive organization and a typology of mental dispositions which helps to conduct a clinical and empirical investigation of the dynamic of the defensive organization of patients with psychotic and affective disorders. Using the method of configuration analysis and the proposed typology of mental dispositions the authors offer a detailed analysis of the dynamic of the defensive organization of a patient with bipolar affective disorder in the course of two psychodynamic interviews.

General Information

Keywords: defensive organization of the personality, defense mechanisms, affective disorders, psychoses, psychoanalytic interview, configuration analysis

Journal rubric: Therapevtic Community

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kadyrov I.M., Оksimetz A.A. The defensive organization of the personality in affective disorders and investigation of its dynamic during a psychoanalytic interview . Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2011. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 109–136. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. I Gil' Son. Dinamika ob’ektnyh otnoshenij v processe psihoanaliticheskoj diagnostiki pacientov s shizoaffektivnym i affektivnym psihozami: Diss. … kand. psihol. nauk. M.: MGU, 2004. 212 s.
  2. Kadyrov I.M. O nevroticheskih i psihoticheskih aspektah lichnosti i ih vzaimodejstvie v psihoanaliticheskoj psihoterapii // Moskovskij Psihoterapevticheskij Zhurnal. 1996. № 2. S. 26–54.
  3. Kadyrov I.M., I Gil' Son, Cherednichenko E.V. K psihoanaliticheskomu issledovaniju psihozov: popytka integracii klinicheskogo i formalizovannogo podhodov k analizu diagnostiko-terapevticheskogo interv'ju // Moskovskij Psihoterapevticheskij Zhurnal. 2003. № 4. S. 54–103.
  4.  Kadyrov I.M, Tolpina I.A. «Kakoj-to chelovek v moej golove...». Dinamika proektivnoj i introektivnoj identifikacii v hode diagnostiko-terapevticheskogo interv'ju s psihoticheskim pacientom // Moskovskij Psihoterapevticheskij Zhurnal. 2008. № 2. S. 100–131.
  5.  Kadyrov I.M., Tolpina I.A. Dinamika identichnosti pacienta s paranoidnoj shizofreniej v hode psihoanaliticheskogo interv'ju // Voprosy psihologii. 2008. № 4. C. 55–70.
  6. Kernberg O. Tjazhelye lichnostnye rasstrojstva. Strategii psihoterapii. M.: Klass, 2000.
  7.  Sokolova E.T. Fenomen psihologicheskoj zawisty // Voprosy psihologii. 2007. № 4. S. 66–80.
  8. Tolpina I.A. Dinamika identichnosti pri psihoticheskih rasstrojstvah: Diss. … k. psihol. nauk. M.: MGU, 2009.
  9. Blackman J. 2004. 101 Defenses. How the Mind Shields Itself. New York: Brunner-Routledge.
  10. Bion W. 1957. Differentiation of the psychotic and the non-psychotic parts of the personality: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Vol. 38: 266–275.
  11. Freud A. 1936. The ego and the mechanisms of defence. L: Hogarth Press.
  12. Freud S. 1925. Negation. Standard Edition. Vol. 19, p.235–242.
  13. Galatarioutou C. 2005. «The defences». In: Introducing psychoanalysis. Essential Themes and Topics. Ed. S. Budd and R. Rusbriger. London: Routledge. p. 15–38.
  14. Horowitz M. J. 1987. States of Mind. NY, 1987.
  15. Joseph B. 1989. Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change. L.: Routledge.
  16. Klein M. 1940. Mourning and its relation to manic-depressive states: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Vol. 21: 125–153.
  17. Klein M. 1946. Notes on some schizoid mechanisms: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Vol. 27: 99–110.
  18. O`Shaugnessy E. 1988. «A clinical study of a defense organization». In: Melanie Klein Today. 1988. Vol. 1: 293–310.
  19. Ogden T. 1989. The Primitive Edge of Experience NY.: Jason Aronson.
  20. Riviere J. 1936. A contribution to the analysis of the negative therapeutic reaction.: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Vol. 17: 304–320.
  21. Steiner J. 1993. Psychic Retreats. Pathological organizaton in psychotic, neurotic and borderline patients. L.: Routledge.

Information About the Authors

Igor M. Kadyrov, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor at the Psychology Faculty of the Lomonosov State University. Member of the Editorial Council of the "Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy" Journal. President of the Moscow Psychoanalitic Society. Member of the International Psychoanalitic Association, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Associate Professor, President of the Moscow Psychoanalytic Society, member of the International Psychoanalytic Association (IRA), member of the editorial board of the scientific journal “Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

A. A. Оksimetz, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2907
Previous month: 27
Current month: 16


Total: 1621
Previous month: 9
Current month: 4