"Psyche" and "Personality" in the Absence of "Soul" and "Spirit"

2031

Abstract

The cultural-historical conditions and reasons of the extinction of the notion of soul from the scientific psychology lexicon are described. The foundations of its return are given. The premises and concrete methodological ways for this are outlined. The comparative analysis of the usage of notions "soul", "spirit", "psyche", "person", and derivatives — "soulful", "spiritual", "psychical", "personal", is conducted. The features of outside and inside aspects of soul and the ways of their presentation and classifying with respect to the different levels of psychical apparatus are described. It is concluded that a new period of relations between psychology and philosophy is being established, and that there is a necessity of founding and developing a new science — the philosophy of psychology.

General Information

Keywords: personality, psyche, soul, spirit, methodology of science, philosophy of psychology, theology

Journal rubric: Theory and Methodology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2014220506

For citation: Bratus B.S. "Psyche" and "Personality" in the Absence of "Soul" and "Spirit". Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2014. Vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 118–138. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2014220506. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Boris S. Bratus, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State University. M. V. Lomonosova, Scientific Head of the Faculty of Psychology of the Orthodox Institute of St. John the Theologian of The Russian Orthodox University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9890-2667, e-mail: Boris.bratus@gmail.com

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