The paper continues the cycle of lectures by Igor Borisovitch Grinshpun on history of psychotherapy. The current part of the lecture recounts the work of American psychologist and philosopher William James. His main works “The Principles of Psychology” and “The Varieties of Religious Experience” are discussed, his ideas on consciousness and personality are considered, and their influence on psychology and psychotherapy is traced. This lecture takes stock of the historical background of psychotherapy and makes a summary of the main events of the 19th century, which either influenced psychotherapy directly or proved significant to the development of psychotherapy.
Students and colleagues of I.B. Grinshpun prepared the text for publication: Yana Bovbas, Ekaterina Mazaeva, Maria Marchenkova.
Keywords: history of psychotherapy, William James, consciousness, self-awareness, personality, structure of personality, self-esteem
For citation:Grinshpun I.B. The History Of Psychotherapy. Lecture 2. Historical Background Of Psychotherapy (Part IV). Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 129–145. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2017250110. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
Information About the Authors
Igor' B. Grinshpun, PhD in Psychology, Professor of the Department of Individual and Group Psychotherapy of the Faculty of Consultative and Clinical Psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia