Differentiated Intervention Model for Internet Addiction in Adolescents

1088

Abstract

The paper considers the issue of interventions for internet addiction in adolescents. We analyzed the main risk factors of internet addiction yielded from the empirical data and distinguished between two groups of internet-addicted adolescents with dominating biological or psychological risk factors. An intervention program for internet-addicted adolescents based on this data was developed and carried out. We compared the efficacy of the intervention and communicative skills training. The results prove the significance of primary neuropsychological diagnostics and the necessity of neuropsychological correction in interventions for internet-addicted adolescents. We propose a scheme for sorting the participants in correction groups according to different risk factors of internet addiction.

General Information

Keywords: internet addiction, adolescence, psychological intervention, risk factors of internet addiction

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2020280309

For citation: Malygin V.L., Merkurieva Y.A. Differentiated Intervention Model for Internet Addiction in Adolescents. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 142–163. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2020280309. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Voiskunskii A.E. Kontseptsii zavisimosti i prisutstviya primenitel’no k povedeniyu v Internete [Concepts of addiction and presence in applies with Internet behavior] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii = Medical Psychology in Russia, 2015, no. 4 (33). Available at: http://mprj.ru (Accessed 02.06.2020).
  2. Egorov A.Yu. Sovremennye predstavleniya ob internet-addiktsiyakh i podkhodakh k ikh korrektsii [Modern interpretation of Internet addiction and corrections] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii = Medical Psychology in Russia, 2015, no. 4 (33). Available at: http://mprj.ru (Accessed 02.06.2020).
  3. Internet-zavisimoe povedenie. Kriterii i metody diagnostiki: uchebnoe posobie [Internet-addiction. Diagnostic criteria and methods: manual]. Moscow: MGMSU Publ., 2011. 32 p.
  4. Kardash’yan R.A. Komp’yuternaya igrovaya zavisimost’ u uchashchikhsya obshcheobrazovatel’nykh uchrezhdenii [Online gaming addiction in students of comprehensive schools]. Moscow: RUDN Publ., 2018. 286 p.
  5. Malygin V.L., Merkur’eva Yu.A., Iskandirova A.B., i dr. Osobennosti tsennostnykh orientatsii u podrostkov s internet-zavisimym povedeniem [Specific features of value orientations in adolescents with internet addictive behavior] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii = Medical Psychology in Russia, 2015, no. 4 (33). Available at: http://mprj.ru (Accessed 11.07.2020).
  6. Malygin V.L., Merkur’eva Yu.A., Krasnov I.O. Neiropsikhologicheskie osobennosti kak faktory riska formirovaniya internet-zavisimogo povedeniya u podrostkov [Neuropsychological traits as risk factor of internet addiction in adolescents] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii = Medical Psychology in Russia, 2015, no. 4 (33). Available at: http://mprj.ru (Accessed 11.07.2020).
  7. Osnitskii A.K. Opredelenie kharakteristik sotsial’noi adaptatsii [Definition of characteristics to social adaptation]. Psikhologiya i shkola = Psychology and School, 2004, no. 1, pp. 43—56.
  8. Sergienko E.A., Vetrova I.I. Emotsional’nyi intellekt: russkoyazychnaya adaptatsiya testa Meiera—Seloveya—Karuzo (MSCEIT V2.0) [Emotional intelligence: Russian adaptation of Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence test (MSCEIT V2.0)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological Studies, 2009, no. 6 (8). Available at: http://psystudy.ru (Accessed 01.06.2020).
  9. Sibil’ S.I., Podmazin E.I. Kak pomoch’ podrostku s “trudnym” kharakterom [How to help a difficult adolescent]. Kiev: Perspektiva, 1996. 160 p.
  10. Simernitskaya E.G. Metodika ekspress-diagnostiki “Luriya-90” [Express-diagnostic method “Luria-90”]. Moscow: Znanie, 1991. 48 p.
  11. Tarabrina N.V. Psikhologiya posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Psychology of posttraumatic stress]. Moscow: IP RAN, 2009. 302 p.
  12. Tkhostov A.Sh., Elshanskii S.P. Metodicheskoe posobie po primeneniyu testa “Vybor deskriptorov intratseptivnykh oshchushchenii” dlya issledovaniya osobennostei verbalizatsii vnutrennego opyta [“Descriptors of introspective sensations choice” Test Manual: Verbalization features of internal experience examination]. Moscow: MGU Publ., 2000. 67 p.
  13. Brand M., Laier C., Young K. Internet Addiction: Coping styles, expectancies, and treatment implications [Elektronnyi resurs]. Frontiers in Psychology, 2014. Vol. 5. Available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01256/full (Accessed 11.05.2020). DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01256
  14. Cheng C., Li A.Y. Internet addiction prevalence and quality of (real) life: A meta-analysis of 31 nations across seven world regions. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2014. Vol. 17 (12), pp. 755—760. DOI:10.1089/cyber.2014.0317
  15. Cimino S., Cerniglia L.A. Longitudinal study for the empirical validation of an etiopathogenetic model of internet addiction in adolescence based on early emotion regulation. BioMed Research International, 2018. Vol. 2018, pp. 135—143. DOI:10.1155/2018/4038541
  16. Diamond A. Attention-deficit disorder (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder without hyperactivity): a neurobiologically and behaviorally distinct disorder from ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (with hyperactivity). Development & Psychopathology, 2005. Vol. 17, pp. 807—825. DOI:10.1017/ S0954579405050388
  17. Ha J.H., Yoo H.J., Cho I.H. Psychiatry comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for Internet addiction. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2006. Vol. 67 (5), pp. 821—826. DOI:10.4088/JCP.v67n0517
  18. Hong S.B., Zalesky A., Cocchi L., et al. Decreased functional brain connectivity in adolescents with internet addiction. PLoS One, 2013. Vol. 8 (2), pp. 65—69. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0057831
  19. Young K.S., de Abreu C.N. (eds.). Internet addiction in children and adolescents: risk factors, assessment, and treatment. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 2017. 305 p.
  20. Kuss D.J., Griffiths M.D., Binder J.F. Internet addiction in students: Prevalence and risk factors. Computers in Human Behavior, 2013. Vol. 29 (3), pp. 959—966. DOI:10.1016/j. chb.2012.12.024
  21. Michal M., Duven E., Giralt S., et al. Prevalence and correlates of depersonalization in students aged 12—18 years in Germany. Social Psychiatry, Psychiatry, Epidemiology, 2015. Vol. 50 (6), pp. 995—1003. DOI:10.1007/S00127-014-0957-2
  22. Torres-Rodríguez A., Griffiths M.D., Carbonell X. The treatment of Internet gaming disorder: A brief overview of the PIPATIC program. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2018. Vol. 16 (4), pp. 1000—1015. DOI:10.1007/ s11469-017-9825

Information About the Authors

Vladimir L. Malygin, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Head of the Department of Psychological Counseling, Psychocorrection and Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0269-7361, e-mail: malyginvl@yandex.ru

Yulia A. Merkurieva, Lecturer, Chair of Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5545-6708, e-mail: juliamerkurieva@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 1828
Previous month: 75
Current month: 43

Downloads

Total: 1088
Previous month: 27
Current month: 9