Translation, Approbation, and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Russian Version of the Job Anxiety Scale by B. Muschalla and M. Linden



The paper presents the results of approbation of the Russian-language version of the Job Anxiety Scale (JAS) by B. Mushalla and M. Linden, based on a differentiated clinical approach to anxiety states during work. The 70-item scale was translated into Russian and tested in a sample of 410 subjects, who were professionals in various fields. The exploratory factor analysis procedure identified a five-factor structure that was different from the original one. The factors were named as follows: 1) Discomfort, tension, and anxiety at work with the conviction of its harmfulness; 2) Social anxiety and avoidant behavior in the workplace; 3) Experiencing injustice and exploitation in the workplace; 4) Anxiety for the preservation of the workplace and the future; 5) Cognitions about one’s inefficiency. High reliability of the Russian version of JAS has been established. The Cronbach’s α coefficient for the entire scale was 0.973; the Gutmann split-half coefficient was 0.945. There were multiple correlations between the JAS scores and the symptoms of mental disorders assessed by the SCL-90-R, which can be considered as evidence of the external validity of the scale.

General Information

Keywords: workplace anxiety, questionnaire approbation, Job Anxiety Scale, psychopathological symptoms

Journal rubric: Testing and Validating Instruments

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Garanyan N.G., Sharapova A.V., Sorokova M.G., Mikita O.Y., Boyko S.L. Translation, Approbation, and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Russian Version of the Job Anxiety Scale by B. Muschalla and M. Linden. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 9–34. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2020280402. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Natalia G. Garanyan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Associate Professor, leading researcher at the Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, member of the editorial board of the journal "Consultative Psychology and Psychotherapy", Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alena V. Sharapova, Lecturer, Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Marina G. Sorokova, Doctor of Education, PhD in Physics and Matematics, docent, Head of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research "PsyDATA", Head of the Department of Digital Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olesya Y. Mikita, PhD in Psychology, Head of Educational and Clinical Department, Researcher, Department of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Svetlana L. Boyko, PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Belarus, ORCID:, e-mail:



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