Sleep-Related Complaints in Children 5—13 Years Old: Prevalence and Content. Part 1



Sleep-related complaints are common in children and affect their daytime sleepiness, success and quality of life. However, often parents are unaware of or do not consider them as a problem demanding treatment. Aim. To identify the parental appraisals of the patterns and difficulties with sleep in children aged 5—13 years and parental subjective qualification of them as a problem. Methods. In 147 pairs of «parent-child 5—13 years old without diagnosed sleep disorders» (47 pairs with a child 5—6 years old, 49 with a child 7—9 years old, 51 with a child 10—13 years old), parents answered questions about the pattern children’s sleep habits and completed the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Children replied to Sleep Self-Report. Results. Difficulties with sleeping are common in children 5—13 years of age: irregular bedtimes, prolonged time falling asleep, falling asleep in someone else’s bed, night terrors, insufficient sleep time, frequent nocturnal awakenings, sleep-talking, early morning awakenings, long time to get up in the morning, fatigue in the afternoon 3 times a week or more are typical for every third child, while protests against going to bed, the impossibility of waking up on their own in the morning, difficulties in getting up in the morning — for every second child. For children 10—13 years old, lack of sleep was also wide-spread. Parents frequently do not consider sleep difficulties in children as a problem. The pattern of going to bed, sleeping, and waking up didn’t not differ between boys and girls, but girls rated their sleepiness higher, and rated sleep quality lower. With age, daytime and nighttime sleep was reduced, bedtime became later, while breathing problems during sleep, parasomnia symptoms and night terrors became rarer. Conclusion. Given the prevalence of complaints about various difficulties associated with sleep in children aged 5—13 years, the acute question is why parents do not qualify these difficulties as problems and do not seek help is relevant.

General Information

Keywords: sleep, children 5–13 years old, cognitive model of sleep disorders, psychology of corporeality, parental appraisals of sleep, sleep–related complaints

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article


Funding. Research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research, project 20-013-00740 “Development and disturbances of sleep-wake psychological regulation system: an approach of psychology of bodily functions regulation”.

Received: 13.08.2022


For citation: Rasskazova E.I., Botasheva T.L., Kudryashov D.V., Zheleznyakova E.V., Zavodnov O.P., Vasilieva V.V. Sleep-Related Complaints in Children 5—13 Years Old: Prevalence and Content. Part 1. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2023. Vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 58–78. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2023310103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Patopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Senior Researcher,Mental Health Research Center, Senior Researcher, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tatiana L. Botasheva, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Chief Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Dmitriy V. Kudryashov, graduate, Clinical Psychology Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Zheleznyakova, PhD in Medicine, Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Oleg P. Zavodnov, PhD in Biology, Researcher, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valentina V. Vasilieva, Doctor of Biology, Leading Researcher, Pediatric Department, Research Institute of Obstetrics and Pediatrics of the Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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