Functionality of Children with Asperger's Syndrome

1003

Abstract

Here we present the results of a comparative study of the functionality of the preschool children with typical development (N = 52) and autism (N = 12), younger students with Asperger's syndrome (N = 13). The obtained data showed that the functionality of children with Asperger's syndrome was significantly lower (p <0,0001) compared with children with typical development, and significantly higher (p <0,00001), than of children with autism. Has been discussed the importance of the functionality research for children with autistic spectrum disorders and other developmental disorders using the questionnaire F- 07 as a way of assessment the integrative performance of common tasks and demands.

General Information

Keywords: Asperger’s syndrome, autism, functionality, preschool age, primary school age

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kazmin A.M., Dugina O., Lobova A., Mar A., Prochuhaeva M., Rukina I. Functionality of Children with Asperger's Syndrome [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2014. Vol. 3, no. 1 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Dugina O.V., Kaz'min A.M., Pisarenko A.N., Prochuhaeva M.M. Funkcional'nost' i bazovye vozmojnosti u doshkol'nikov s sindromom Dauna i s rasstroistvami autisticheskogo spektra  [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya 2013. №2. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyclin (data obrascheniya: 21.12.2013)
  2. Kaz'min A.M., Egorov A.V., Zaharenko N.V., Dunaiceva V.A., Kazakov A.M. Pilotajnoe issledovanie kognitivnyh sposobnostei u detei pri pomoschi nabora komp'yuternyh metodik DINA-OKS [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya. 2012. №1. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyclin/2012/n1/49973.shtml (data obrascheniya: 04.03.2014)
  3. Kaz'min A.M., Lobova A.A., Fedina E.V. Ispol'zovanie oprosnika «F-07» dlya izmereniya funkcional'nosti u doshkol'nikov s tipichnym razvitiem, sindromom Dauna i autizmom [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya 2013. №1. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyclin (data obrascheniya: 21.12.2013)
  4. Kaz'min A.M., Lobova A.A., Prochuhaeva M.M., Rukina I.B., Fedina E.V. Pilotajnoe issledovanie vozmojnosti ispol'zovaniya oprosnika F-07 dlya orientirovochnoi ocenki gotovnosti detei 2-3 let s narusheniyami razvitiya k posescheniyu inklyuzivnogo detskogo sada [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya. 2013. №3. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/psyclin/2013/n3/64021.shtml (data obrascheniya: 21.12.2013)
  5. Allison C., Baron-Cohen S., Wheelwright S., Charman T., Richler J., et al. (2008) The QCHAT (Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers): a normally distributed quantitative measure of autistic traits at 18–24 months of age: preliminary report. J Autism Dev Disord 38: 1414–1425
  6. Asperger H. (1944). "Die "Autistischen Psychopathen" im Kindesalter".  Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten 117: 132–13
  7. Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5" (PDF). American Psychiatric Association. May 17, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013
  8. Constantino J.N. (2011) The quantitative nature of autistic social impairment. Pediatr Res 69: 55R–62R
  9. Klin A. (2006). "Autism and Asperger syndrome: an overview". Rev Bras Psiquiatr 28 (suppl 1): S3–S11
  10. Lord S., Rutter M., Le Couteur A. (1994) Autism diagnostic interview— revised: a revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 24:659–685
  11. Lord C., Risi S., Lambrecht L., Cook E.H., Leventhal B.L., DiLavore P.C., Pickles A., Rutter M. (2000) The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: a standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. J Autism Dev Disord 30:205–223
  12. McPartland J., Klin A. (2006). "Asperger's syndrome". Adolesc Med Clin 17 (3): 771–88
  13. Posserud M.B., Lundervold A.J., Gillberg C. (2006) Autistic features in a total population of  7–9-yearold  children assessed by the ASSQ (Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire). J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47: 167–175
  14. Schopler E., Reichler R.J, DeVellis R.F., Daly K. (1980). "Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)". J Autism Dev Disord 10 (1): 91–103
  15. Schopler E., Mesibov G.B., Kunce L.J. (1998).  Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism?. New York
  16. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland-II) Author(s): Sara S. Sparrow, Domenic V. Cicchetti & David A. Balla  A measure of adaptive behavior from birth to adulthood
  17. WHO. International classification of functioning, disability and health-child and youth version (ICF-CY). Geneva
  18. Williams J.G., Allison C., Scott F.J., Bolton P.F., Baron-Cohen S., et al. (2008) The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test (CAST): sex differencesJ Autism Dev Disord 38: 1731–1739
  19. Wing L. (1981) Asperger's syndrome: a clinical account. Psychol Med 11 (1): 115–29
  20. Wing L. (1991) The relationship between Asperger's syndrome and Kanner's autism. In Frith U. Autism and Asperger syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 93–121
  21. Woodbury-Smith M.R., Volkmar F.R. (2009) Asperger syndrome. Review.  European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Vol. 18, No. 1

Information About the Authors

Aleksandr M. Kazmin, PhD in Medicine, Professor, Department of Neuro and Pathopsychology of Development, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1748-2574, e-mail: mgppukprd@gmail.com

Olga Dugina, teacher-defectologist, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №1540, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: olgdug@rambler.ru

A. Lobova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, student, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: neko03@mail.ru

Alexandra Mar, educational psychologist, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, e-mail: freidanet@gmail.com

M. Prochuhaeva, assistant manager, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №288, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: masha021066@yandex.ru

I. Rukina, educational psychologist, Moscow state educational institution Child Development Center kindergarten №1762, Moscow, e-mail: rukinai@mail.ru