The Value of Orientation in Time to Predict the Risks of Old Age



Changes in orientation across time are considered in foreign literature on geriatrics and geronto-psychiatry as one of the prognostic factors for the development of biological and psychological risks associated with the aging process. The analysis allowed elaborating the following concepts: orientation and disorientation in time, chronotaraxis and mizorientation. Also, analysis allowed to systematize functions and brain mechanisms for orientation in time. The algorithm for assessing the orientation of an elderly person in time, in space, in self and in the situation was systematized, as well. Presented methods for assessing the verbal and behavioral components of orientation. Based on the model, proposed by G. Berrios, the dynamic nature of the violations, the ability to navigate in time in elderly and senile ages are described. Provides classification and clinical features of disorders of orientation in time in somatic and mental disorders at a later age.

General Information

Keywords: elderly age, senile age, time, time perception, orientation in time

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Melehin A. The Value of Orientation in Time to Predict the Risks of Old Age [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 95–118. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2017060107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Aleksey Melehin, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Stolypin Humanitarian Institute, clinical psychologist of the highest qualification category, somnologist, cognitive behavioral psychotherapist, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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