First-Person Video Modeling as a Way of Teaching Imitation of Children with Autism

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Abstract

The article discusses the problem of the basic factors of ASD: the deficit in the Theory of Mind (ToM) as the ability to represent Self-Other relationship, or violation of the ability to simulate, as the ability to transfer the perspective of Other’s action into the prospect of their own actions. It is hypothesized that the first-person video surveillance technique (with the instructor’s and the student's hands visible) will be more effective in teaching imitation of children with ASD than the third-person video surveillance method (where the instructor and the student are seen). The study involved 28 children attending classes with psychologists and speech pathologists (ages: 4, 10 up to 7, 4 years; 24 children were diagnosed with ASD, 4 – atypical autism). At the first stage, the level of motor simulation skills (ABLLS-R test) was evaluated-3 times with an interval of 1 week. On the second stage, three groups (9 people) were equalized at the level of development of imitation. One group was trained "third-person", the second – "first-person", the third – control was trained according to the standard program. All studied the same time. For each subject conducted 4 classes (2 times a week). At the third stage, the level of motor skills measured 3 times with an interval of 1 week. The processing took into account the parameters of the mean, median, mode and standard deviation. The results of the study showed significant effectiveness of third-person training. The shift of the average value in "third-person training" and "first-person training" was 3 and 8 units respectively.

General Information

Keywords: autism, imitation, video modeling, education for autistic children, theory of mind

Journal rubric: Applied Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070310

Acknowledgements. The authors thank the Deputy Director of the Center of Psychological-medical-social Support, PhD in Psychology, S.N. Pancyr for help in conducting research.

For citation: Novgorodtseva A.P., Yakovleva N.V. First-Person Video Modeling as a Way of Teaching Imitation of Children with Autism [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2018. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 167–176. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2018070310. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexandra P. Novgorodtseva, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Differential Psychology, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: irsana@list.ru

N. V. Yakovleva, Master's Student, Master's Program “Clinical Psychology of Development”, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: morrrgotik@gmail.com

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