Narcissistic Features of Personality and Their Correlation with Self-attitude in Young Adult Sample



Article presents results of the study aimed at assessing the correlation between narcissistic features of personality and self-attitude factors in the sample of young adults. The sample (N=67) included young adults aged 17–30, 59 female (88,1%) and 8 male (11,9%). The main part of the sample consisted of university students – 58 respondents (84,1%). Methods: The Dirty Dozen (Jonason, Webster, 2010; adapted by Egorova, Sitnikova, Parshikova, 2015), Narcissistic Personality Traits Inventory (Shamshikova, Klepikova, 2010), Ten Item Personality Measure (Gosling, Rentfrow, Swann, 2003; adapted by Kornilova, Chumakova, 2016), and Questionnaire of Self-Attitude (Stolin, Pantileev, 1988). Statistical analysis included correlation analysis (Spearman’s correlations) and multiple linear regressions (stepwise). The results show significant correlations between self-attitude scales and the Dark Triad and narcissistic features of personality. Most of the correlations are negative excluding the scales of self-interest, self-sympathy, and expected attitude of others. Lack of empathy and envy for others’ successes are more characteristic of the respondents with predominant negative notions of their personality (vulnerable narcissism). Influence of the dark triad and narcissistic features of personality on self-attitude factors is negative except for grandiose self-worth and belief in one's uniqueness. The yielded results reflect the contradictions within self-attitude defined by the combination of grandiosity and inferiority as the main characteristics of the narcissistic personality.

General Information

Keywords: narcissistic personality structure; Dark Triad; self-attitude; DSM-5; personality traits; Big Five

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Polskaya N.A., Solovyanova Y.A. Narcissistic Features of Personality and Their Correlation with Self-attitude in Young Adult Sample [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 74–92. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2019080405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Beck A., Freeman A. Kognitivnaya psikhoterapiya rasstroistv lichnosti [Cognitive therapy of personality disorders]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2017. 448 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Dmitrieva A.B. Osobennosti Ya-kontseptsii nartsissicheskikh lichnostei. Avtoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [Features of Self-concept in narcissistic personalities. PhD. (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 2010. 26 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Egorova M.S., Sitnikova M.A., Parshikova O.V. Adaptatsiya Korotkogo oprosnika Temnoi triady [Adaptation of the Short Dark Triad] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological Studies], 2015, vol. 8, no. 43, p. 1. URL: (Accessed 16.03.2019). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Yeomans F., Clarkin D., Kernberg O. Psikhoterapiya, fokusirovannaya na perenose pri pogranichnom rasstroistve lichnosti [Transference-focused psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder]. Moscow, 2018. 498 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Kornilova T.V., Chumakova M.A. Aprobatsiya kratkogo oprosnika Bol'shoi pyaterki (TIPI, KOBT) [Development of the Russian version of the brief Big Five questionnaire (TIPI)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological Studies], 2016, vol. 9, no. 46, p. 5. URL: (Accessed 16.03.2019). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Kohut H. Analiz samosti. Sistematicheskii podkhod k lecheniyu nartsissicheskikh narushenii lichnosti [The analysis of the self: A systematic approach to the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2017. 368 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Sokolova E.T. Nartsissizm kak klinicheskii i sotsiokul'turnyi fenomen [Narcissism as a clinical and socio-cultural phenomenon]. Voprosy Psikhologii [Questions of Psychology], 2009, no. 1, pp. 67–80. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Stolin V.V. Samosoznanie lichnosti [Self-Consiousness of the Personality]. Moscow: Publ. of MSU, 1983. 285 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Stolin V.V., Pantileev S.R. Oprosnik samootnosheniya [Attitude to Self Questionnaire]. In Praktikum po psikhodiagnostike: Psikhodiagnosticheskie materialy [Psychodiagnostics practice module: Methods]. Moscow: Publ. of MSU, 1988, pp. 123–130. (In Russ.).
  10. Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G. Nartsissizm, perfektsionizm i depressiya [Narcissism, perfectionism and depression]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2004, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 18–35. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  11. Chesnokova I.I. Problema samosoznaniya v psikhologii [The issue of self-consciousness in psychology]. Moscow: Nauka, 1977. 144 p.
  12. Shamshikova O.A, Klepikova N.M. Oprosnik “Nartsissicheskie cherty lichnosti” [Narcissistic personality traits questionnaire]. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2010., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 114–128. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  13. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association, 2013. 947 p.
  14. Dufner M., Denissen J., Zalk M., et al. Positive intelligence illusions: On the relation between intellectual self‐enhancement and psychological adjustment. Journal of Personality, 2012, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 537–572. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00742.x
  15. Dufner M., Gebauer J.E., Sedikides C., et al. Self-enhancement and psychological adjustment: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2019, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 48–72. doi:10.1177/1088868318756467
  16. Campbell W.K., Miller J.D. (eds.). Handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2011. 511 p.
  17. Helgeson V.S., Fritz H.L. The implications of unmitigated agency and unmitigated communion for domains of problem behavior. Journal of Personality, 2000, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 1031–1057. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.00125
  18. Krizan Z., Herlache A.D. The narcissism spectrum model: A synthetic view of narcissistic personality. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2018, vol. 22, no. 1,
    pp. 3–31. doi:10.1177/1088868316685018
  19. Luchner A.F., Houston J.M., Walker C., et al. Exploring the relationship between two forms of narcissism and competitiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 2011,
    vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 779–782. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.06.033
  20. Miller J.D., Price J., Gentile B., et al. Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism from the perspective of the interpersonal circumplex. Personality and Individual Differences, 2012, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 507–512. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.04.026
  21. Morf C.C., Rhodewalt F. Unraveling the Paradoxes of Narcissism: A Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model. Psychological Inquiry, 2001, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 177–196. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1204_1
  22. Paulhus D.L., Williams K.M. The Dark Triad of Personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 2002, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 556–563. doi:10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00505-6
  23. Pincus A.L., Roche M.J. Narcissistic grandiosity and narcissistic vulnerability. In
    W.K. Campbell, J.D. Miller (eds.), Handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2011, pp. 31–40.
  24. Zeigler-Hill V., Jordan C.H. Behind the Mask. Narcissism and Implicit Self-Esteem. In In W.K. Campbell, J.D. Miller (eds.), Handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2011, pp. 101–115.

Information About the Authors

Natalia A. Polskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Department, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Scientific and Practical Center for Mental Health of Children and Adolescents named after G.E. Sukhareva of the Moscow Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Yulia A. Solovyanova, Undergraduate Student, Counseling and Clinical Psychology Department, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 12394
Previous month: 306
Current month: 171


Total: 1521
Previous month: 22
Current month: 8