Forgetting of educational material

2652

Abstract

The results of the research of forgetting of educational material by schoolchildren of 12–13 years old with different levels of the development of mnemonic abilities are submitted in this article. The aim of the research was to study forgetting of educational material by schoolchildren depending on their mnemonic abilities. The study of mnemonic abilities of schoolchildren was carried out with the use of the technique of diagnosis of mnemonic abilities created by L.V. Cheremoshkina. This technique is based on the method of developed mnemonic activity. The procedure was used to study the forgetting of educational material, the incentive material of which represents a fragment from a textbook on biology for the 6th form of general educational establishments. This phase of the investigation is based on the method of singling out semantic units. The comparative analysis of the curve of forgetting of the sensible material and the curve of forgetting senseless syllables by H. Ebbinghaus was carried out. The received results testify to the fact that the educational text as a variant of a sensible verbal material results in intensification of operational and regulating parties of memory, and «is woven» in the system of the earlier acquired information – in other words, the system of knowledge of a pupil due to these mechanisms. In consequence, the «curve» of forgetting the educational text gets a much flatter form, rather than the «curve» of forgetting senseless syllables.

General Information

Keywords: mnemonic abilities, functional mechanisms, operational mechanisms, regulating mechanisms, memory, storing, reproduction, forgetting

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Cheremoshkina L.V., Osinina T.N. Forgetting of educational material. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2011. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 97–125. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Lyubov V. Cheremoshkina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, chair of applied informatics, faculty of information technology, the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: LVCH2007@yandex.ru

Tatiana N. Osinina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Chair of Pedagogy of Primary and Pre-School Education, State University of Humanities and Technology (GOU VO MO GGTU), Orekhovo-Zuyevo, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1031-2617, e-mail: tatyanaosinina@yandex.ru

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