Positional effects in working memory



In this work we consider the ratio of working, short-term and long-term memory on the material of the study of positional effects when performing tasks on working memory. The results of two studies using tasks on determination of the complex volume of working memory demonstrated the presence of recency effect and primacy effect. The emergence of the primacy effect depended on the complexity of additional task. The disappearance of the primacy effect led to a compensatory increase in the recency effect. The results suggest that short-term memory, long-term memory and attention control processes participate in the implementation of working memory functions.

General Information

Keywords: working memory, positional effects, primacy, recency, complex volume, attention

Journal rubric: Cognitive Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Velichkovsky B.B. Positional effects in working memory. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2014. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 26–36. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Boris B. Velichkovsky, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chair of Methodology of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Professor, Chair of General Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7823-0605, e-mail: velitchk@mail.ru



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