Early sensory experience determines variety of exploratory behavior in adult age

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Abstract

An influence of restricted species-specific afferentation by vibrissae trimming from 9 to 20 day of rats postnatal ontogeny on open field behavior patterns in adulthood was studied. We estimated both standard indicators of open field behavior and additional kinematic measures of locomotor activity as speed, acceleration and position. The exploratory activity was reduced in adult rats vibrissectomized in the critical period of pre-weaning. The patterns of locomotion had less variability in the deprived rats in comparison with control animals. Thus, deficiency of species-specific afferentation in early ontogeny lead in the restricted variety of exploratory behavior in adult rats.

General Information

Keywords: rat behavior ontogeny, open field, vibrissectomy, speed of moving, acceleration of moving, exploratory activity

Journal rubric: Evolutionary and Comparative Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Shishelova A.Y., Aliev R.R., Raevsky V.V. Early sensory experience determines variety of exploratory behavior in adult age. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2015. Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 73–84. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

A. Y. Shishelova, PhD in Biology, Senior Researcher in Human physiology laboratory, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Assistant Professor, Physiology Department, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (RNRMU); Senior Researcher in Neuroontogenesis Lab, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: ihna_ann@mail.ru

Rubin R. Aliev, Doctor of Physics and Matematics, Leading Researcher, Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics RAS, Header of the Electrophysiology Lab, Professor of the Computational Math Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology; Header of the Experimental Cardiology Department, Federal Clinical and Scientific Center for Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: rubaliev@gmail.com

Vladimir V. Raevsky, Chief of Neuroontogenesis Lab, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of RAS, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: vraevsky@ihna.ru

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