Differences of the brain activity in individual, competitive and cooperative behavior between subjects with analytic and holistic cognitive styles



To investigate specific features of systemic organization of behavior in individuals with analytic and holistic cognitive styles we presented a simple decision-making task to pairs of subjects who performed the same task in several modes of social interaction (independent, competition, and cooperation). We assumed that the modes of social interaction would reveal differences in the behavioral and EEG characteristics, related to the cognitive styles. The behavior timing and brain potentials were recorded in 78 participants. The response latencies and parameters of P300 in this task were found to be more variable in the group of participants with holistic thinking compared to analytic. The interaction mode-related differences were also more evident in the group of holistic thinkers. These results are discussed within the system-evolutionary view of brain bases of behavior. The study was supported by RFHR №14-26-18002; Academy of Finland, grant 273469. The study is performed within the research programme of one of the Leading Scientific Schools of Russian Federation “System Psychophysiology” (НШ-9808.2016.6).

General Information

Keywords: analytic-holistic thinking, modes of social interaction, system organization of behavior

Journal rubric: Psychophysiology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2016090202

For citation: Apanovich V.V., Bezdenezhnyh B.N., Znakov V.V., Sams M., Jaaskelainen J., Alexandrov Y.I. Differences of the brain activity in individual, competitive and cooperative behavior between subjects with analytic and holistic cognitive styles. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2016. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 5–22. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2016090202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Vladimir V. Apanovich, PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher, V.B. Shvyrkov Laboratory of Neural Bases of Mind, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Researcher, Center for Cognitive Research of Individual Experience, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3407-6049, e-mail: apanovitschvv@yandex.ru

Boris N. Bezdenezhnyh, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychophysiology Named After V.B. Shvyrkov, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: nbobez@psychol.ras.ru

V. V. Znakov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Senior Researcher, Development Laboratory, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: znakov50@yandex.ru

M. Sams, Professor, Head of Brain and Mind laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, School of Science, Aalto University, e-mail: mikko.sams@aalto.fi

J. Jaaskelainen, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Brain and Mind laboratory, Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, School of Science, Aalto University, e-mail: iiro.jaaskelainen@aalto.fi

Yuri I. Alexandrov, Doctor of Psychology, Head the Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology RAS and Head. the Department of Psychophysiology State University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, head Laboratory of Neurocognitive Research of Individual Experience, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University (FSBEI HE MGPPU), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education. Member of the editorial board of the scientific journal "Experimental Psychology", Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016, e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru



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