Adaptation of M. Kernis – A. Paradise «The Contingent Self-Esteem Scale»



The article contains the results of adaptation and standardization of Russian version of M. Kernis – A. Paradise “The Contingent Self-Esteem Scale” received the translated title “The External Determinants of Self-Attitude Scale”. This scale includes 15 items and is aimed to measure reactivity of self-attitude in relation to external (situational) determinants. The study sample consisted of 440 participants (301 females, 139 males, with a mean age of 18,9 years). The Russian-language version of the technique was verified in terms of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha is 0,819), test-retest reliability (after two weeks the Spearman correlation coefficient is 0,805 p<0,01, after four weeks it is 0,782, p<0,01), discriminative ability (Spearman correlation coefficients range from 0,411 to 0,756, p<0,01), external and construct validity. Standardization information is presented as a table for interpretation raw data into stens. The results prove that “The External Determinants of Self-Attitude Scale” is a convenient psychological diagnostic tool and has all the necessary psychometric qualities. Further research steps are associated with standardization within other age groups and refinement of evidence of external and construct validity.

General Information

Keywords: self-attitude, self-worth, self-respect, reactivity, variability

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Savchenko T.N., Faustova A.G. Adaptation of M. Kernis – A. Paradise «The Contingent Self-Esteem Scale». Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2016. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 79–89. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2016090408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Tatyana N. Savchenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anna. G. Faustova, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Chair of Clinical Psychology, Ryazan State Medical University, Ryazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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