Manifestation of the emotional states of children, brought up in family and orphanage, and their recognition by adults



A comparative study of the manifestations of the emotional state in vocalizations, speech, and facial expression of children during the first three years of life, healthy (n = 30) and with neurological disorders (n = 20), brought up at family and children brought up in orphanage (n = 26) was conducted. The ability of recognition the different emotional states of children by two groups of adults (experts with professional experience working with children and adults who do not have children) were shown. The common pattern of recognition of the child’s emotional state was found: the best recognition of the state of discomfort on the basis of sound signals, and calm state and the joy on the basis of face expression. The accuracy of child’s emotional state recognition by adults increased with child age. Adults more likely recognized the emotional state of healthy typically developing children; the worst recognition was found for children from orphanage. This work was supported by grants: RFHR N 13-06-00041а, N 17-06- 00503а, RFBR N 16-06-00024а, N 15-06-07852a.

General Information

Keywords: manifestation of emotional states, neurological disorders, deprivation, perceptual analysis, acoustic characteristics, facial expression

Journal rubric: Psychology of States

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Frolova O.V., Lyakso E.E. Manifestation of the emotional states of children, brought up in family and orphanage, and their recognition by adults. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2017. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 109–128. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2017100108. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Olga V. Frolova, PhD in Biology, Researcher, Biological Faculty, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena E. Lyakso, Doctor of Biology, Professor of Department of Higher Nervous Activity and Psychophysiology, Biology Faculty, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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