Mental Mechanisms of Psychological States Regulation

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Abstract

The article presents the analytical review of theories and studies of the psychological state regulation through the “self-processes — self-regulation” aspect. The main objective of the article is the analysis of concepts, mechanisms and the role of consciousness structures in the regulatory process. The theories of mental states self-regulation are analyzed: system-activity, system-functional and structures-functional. The specificity of each approach to the regulatory process is shown. It was found that the less developed area in presented theoretical constructions is the mental component of regulation: the contribution of the consciousness structures to the regulation of states, their significance and functions in the regulatory process, the specificity of the influence of individual structures on regulation and their synergy during self-regulation, etc. Review of the concepts of the mental states regulation’s mechanisms points the key role of the consciousness structures in the regulatory process. The consciousness structures are an integral part of the individual’s mental subjective experience. Subjective mental experience integrates meanings with categorical structures of consciousness, goal features, semantic structures of consciousness (personal meaning, values, semantic attitudes, etc.), reflection and its types, experiences, mental representations (imaginative characteristics), the self-system. The relationship between the consciousness structures in the process of mental states regulation is considered. It is shown that the integration of the consciousness components is aimed at the goal achieving — the regulation of the subject’s mental stateThe operational side of the regulatory process is associated with the actions of the subject, aimed at changing the state, feedback and time characteristics.

General Information

Keywords: regulation, mental state, consciousness, mental experience, meaning, semantic, reflection, representation, self-system

Journal rubric: Psychology of States

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2021140410

Funding. The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 20-113-50199.

Received: 11.07.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Prokhorov A.O. Mental Mechanisms of Psychological States Regulation. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2021. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 182–204. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2021140410. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexander O. Prokhorov, Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of General Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8636-2576, e-mail: alprokhor1011@gmail.com

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