Spectral Characteristics of the EEG Theta-Band and Efficiency of Cognitive Test “N-Back” Performing

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Abstract

Effectiveness of cognitive test “n-back” performing was assessed in 32 subjects, right-handed men, 18—21 years old. EGG was recorded monopolarly in “10—20” system during initial state, in the period after the first learning stage and during the second learning stage while the subjects performed the test on their own. Two groups of subjects were marked, basing on differences between efficiency of their cognitive activity. Spectral analysis revealed none differences in theta-band spectral power between subjects of the two groups at the initial state. Successful subjects demonstrated increase of the theta-band spectral power in occipital, parietal, central and left frontal zones of cortex in the period after the first learning stage comparing to unsuccessful subjects. On the contrary, unsuccessful subjects demonstrated significant increase of the theta-band spectral power in the second learning stage during the test self-performing comparing to the initial state and the period after the first learning stage. Increase of spectral power of the theta-band can be considered as a regression stage of systemogenesis, accompanied by increase of the representation of low-differentiated systems in new behavior realization and causing high efficiency of cognitive activity.

General Information

Keywords: EEG, theta-band, test «n-back», effectiveness of task performing, regression

Journal rubric: Psychophysiology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2022150208

Funding. This article was prepared under the state assignment No. АААА-А18-118041090104-9 and No. 0138-2021-0002.

Received: 09.06.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Karatygin N.A., Korobeinikova I.I., Venerina Y.A., Venerin A.A., Alexandrov Y.I. Spectral Characteristics of the EEG Theta-Band and Efficiency of Cognitive Test “N-Back” Performing. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2022. Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 95–110. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2022150208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Nikolay A. Karatygin, PhD in Biology, Specialist, Laboratory of General Physiology of Functional Systems, P.K. Anokhin Research Institute of Normal Physiology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5523-4048, e-mail: nikol.karatygin@yandex.ru

Irina I. Korobeinikova, PhD in Biology, Chief Specialist, Laboratory of General Physiology of Functional Systems, P.K. Anokhin Research Institute of Normal Physiology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7570-6321, e-mail: i_korobeinikova@mail.ru

Yana A. Venerina, assistant, Chair of Normal Physiology, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3460-078X, e-mail: yana.venerina@gmail.com

Andrey A. Venerin, Student of the 4 Year, N.V. Sklifosovskiy IGM, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-5772, e-mail: venerin.andrey@gmail.com

Yuri I. Alexandrov, Doctor of Psychology, Head the Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology RAS and Head. the Department of Psychophysiology State University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Science, Head of Laboratory of Neurocognitive Research of Individual Experience, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-3016, e-mail: yuraalexandrov@yandex.ru

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