Determination of Interlocutors' Speech Intentions by Discourse Markers

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Abstract

The article continues a series of studies of the intentional space of social media and discursive markers of users’ intentions. The aim of the study was to test the possibility of determining speech intentions by their markers in the discourse. Participants — 291 individuals (77 males, 214 females; M=19.4 years). Respondents filled out a methodology prepared taking into account expert assessment, which contained 18 statements of social network users, and noted the intentions expressed in them. The first version of the methodology form, with statements without markers, was completed by 97 respondents, the second one, with one marker, by 96 respondents, and the third, with three markers, by 98 respondents. It has been founded that the intentions “to express doubt”, “to object” and “to insult” are best defined, while the intention “to criticize” is the worst identified. The addition of discourse markers generally improves the determination of intentions, which is consistent with their understanding as specific discourse regulators that clarify the contextual reference of what is said. This tendency is not found in all the categories studied, which is due to the possibility of subjective interpretation of sayings and ambiguity of the context. The variants of mixing of intentions in case of their incorrect identification are described. Some intentions are more often mixed with one category, which is due to their cognitive closeness, while others are mixed with a set of intentions, which indicates their blurring in consciousness. An analysis of the use of markers showes that only some intentions can be considered discursively identified. This encourages further search for markers of speech intentions and opens up new research perspectives.

General Information

Keywords: discourse of social media, Internet-discourse, discourse markers of interlocutors speech intentions, recognition of speech intentions

Journal rubric: Psycholinguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2023160411

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Scientific Foundation (RSF), project number No. 22-28-01511.

Received: 18.07.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Pavlova N.D., Afinogenova V.A., Kubrak T.A. Determination of Interlocutors' Speech Intentions by Discourse Markers. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 157–171. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160411. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Natalia D. Pavlova, Doctor of Psychology, Head of Laboratory of Psychology of Speech and Psycholinguistics, Federal State Budgetary Organization of Sciences Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1516-0977, e-mail: pavlova_natalya@mail.ru

Viktoria A. Afinogenova, PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9216-0145, e-mail: viktoriyamail87@mail.ru

Tina A. Kubrak, PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0701-1736, e-mail: kubrak.tina@gmail.com

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