Study of the structure of the attitude to children in Russian-speaking and German-speaking parents living in Germany



The article describes a problem of child-parent relationships in emigrants’ families, who moved to Germany for the permanent residency. Do parents, who are raising their children in an unfamiliar cultural environment, have different attitudes towards children in comparison to natives? Are there similar traits in Russian-speaking parents’ attitudes to their children in comparison to those of the German-speaking parents? In order to answer this question, we conducted a flight empirical study based on the research method by E.O. Smirnova and M.V. Sokolova (Bykova). Two groups of participants have taken part in the study. The first group included 30 Russian moms and 1 dad who had children of early and preschool age. The second group included 17 German-speaking parents. It was found that in Russian-speaking families the personal attitude to children dominates. German-speaking parents tend to demonstrate a more emotionally restrained type of attitude; they express their desires and requirements in a more sharp and clear way. In this group the autonomous parenting style prevails. Russian-speaking parents who are raising children in Germany, often use the same styles as parents caring for their preschool children in Russia.

General Information

Keywords: child-parent relationships, parent attitude, personal basis, object-related basis, parental styles of behavior, values of parents, emigration.

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology


Acknowledgements. My acknowledgement to the doctor of pedagogical sciences K. Hinze (University of Potsdam, Germany) and the candidate of psychological sciences A. Porshnev (Higher School of Economics, Novgorod) who provided invaluable assistance in the collection of materials for this research. The data for the article was carried out with the support of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and under the guidance of the Professor, the doctor of pedagogical sciences H. Gist (University of Potsdam, Germany).

For citation: Kotliar I.A. Study of the structure of the attitude to children in Russian-speaking and German-speaking parents living in Germany [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 63–71. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2017060207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Andreeva L.A. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti detsko-roditel'skikh otnoshenii v etnose, prozhivayushchem v diaspore i na iskonnoi territorii. Diss. kand. psihol. nauk. [Psychological features of child-parent relations in the ethnos living in the diaspora and in the original territory. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 2000. 143 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Andriyanova E.A., Shitova K.Yu. Spetsifika detsko-roditel'skikh otnoshenii v sotsial'no-uyazvimykh sem'yakh [Elektronnyi resurs] [Specifics of parent-child relationships in vulnerable families] // Bulletin of Medical Internet Conferences, 2015. Vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 734–734. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017). (In Russ.).
  3. Kotlyar I.A., Smirnova E.O. Igra v detskikh sadakh Germanii i Rossii [Elektronnyi resurs] [Game in kindergartens of Germany and Russia]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya [The Modern foreign psychology], 2016. Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 39–45. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Nikolaeva A. V., Zashchirinskaya O. V. Predstavleniya o detsko-roditel'skikh otnosheniyakh u shkol'nikov iz semei trudovykh migrantov [Elektronnyi resurs] [Representations about child-parent relations among schoolchildren from families of labor migrants]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seriya 12. Sotsiologiya [Herald of the St. Petersburg University. Series 12. Sociology], 2010, no. 4, pp. 120–126. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017). (In Russ.).
  5. Obukhova L.F., Korepanova I.A. Sovremennyi rebenok: shagi k ponimaniyu [Elektronnyi resurs] [Modern child: steps to understanding]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological science and education], 2010, no. 2, pp. 5–19. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Soldatova G.U. (ed.). Psikhologicheskaya pomoshch' migrantam: travma, smena kul'tury, krizis identichnosti [Psychological assistance to migrants: trauma, culture change, identity crisis]. Moscow: Smysl, 2002. 479 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Smirnova E. O., Bykova M. V. Opyt issledovaniya struktury i dinamiki roditel'skogo otnosheniya [Bykova MV Experience of studying the structure and dynamics of the parental relationship]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2000, no. 3, pp. 3–14. (In Russ.).
  8. Smirnova E.O., Sokolova M.V. Metodika diagnostiki struktury roditel'skogo otnosheniya i ego dinamiki v ontogeneze rebenka [Elektronnyi resurs] [A technique for diagnosing the structure of the parent relationship and its dynamics in the child's ontogenesis]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological science and education], 2005, no. 4, pp. 83–91. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
  9. Khrustaleva N.S. Psikhologiya emigratsii. (Sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie i lichnostnye problemy). Diss. dokt. psihol. nauk. [Psychology of emigration. (Socio-psychological and personal problems). Dr. Sci. (Psychology) diss.]. St. Petersburg., 1996. 332 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Ehe, Familie, Werte – Migrantinnen und Migranten in Deutschland [Elektronnyi resurs]. Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017).
  11. Herwartz-Emden L. Interkulturelle Erziehung und Vergleichsorientierung. Folgerungen aus einem empirischen Forschungsprojekt mit deutschen Aussiedlern aus der ehemaligen Sowjetunion. Bildung und Erziehung, 1995, no. 3, pp. 331–347. doi:10.7788/bue-1995-0309
  12. Intergenerative Beziehungen in Migrantenfamilien; Familiensurvey [Elektronnyi resurs]. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung: Bibliothek. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017).
  13. Lingnau S. Erziehungseinstellungen von Aussiedlerinnen aus Russland, Ergebnisse einer regionalen empirischen Studie. Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg [Elektronnyi resurs]. BIS Verlag, 2000. 153 p. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017).
  14. Nauck B. Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen bei Deutschen, Türken und Migranten : ein interkultureller Vergleich der Werte von Kindern, des generativen Verhaltens, der Erziehungseinstellungen und Sozialisationspraktiken. Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, 1990, no. 1, pp. 87–120.
  15. Russlanddeutsche in der Bundesrepublik in Bundestag [Elektronnyi resurs]. Berlin: Deutscher Bundestag, 8 p. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017).
  16. Schwelien M. Wie man in Deutschland Kinder erzieht [Elektronnyi resurs]. Die Zeit, 2003, no. 51. 11.12.2003. Available at: (Accessed 18.06.2017).
  17. Süss W. Zur psychosozialen Situation der Aussiedlerkinder und -jugendlichen. Sozialwissenschaften und Berufspraxis, 1995, no. 2, pp. 131–146.

Information About the Authors

Inna A. Kotliar, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Research Associate, Dubna State University, Center of Applied Psychological and Pedagogical Studies, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Dubna, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 1737
Previous month: 7
Current month: 3


Total: 682
Previous month: 0
Current month: 6