Individual differences in foreign language aptitude and its relation to fluid and crystallized intelligence



This article presents the empirical results of the study on the interaction between fluid and crystallized intelligence and individual differences in foreign language aptitude. The three-factor model of cognitive abilities was constructed and showed a suitable fit to empirical data. According to the model the latent factor of foreign language aptitude demonstrated strong positive correlations with the factors of both fluid and crystallized intelligence. Another important empirical result supports the existence of different patterns of relationships which disclose the variables under study as depending on the level of productivity in the language sphere. Namely, it was shown that on the high level of foreign language test performance there were no significant interactions between foreign language aptitude and different parameters of fluid and crystallized intelligence assessments. We discuss our findings in terms of contemporary approaches to understanding of differential impact of certain cognitive factors on foreign language aptitude

General Information

Keywords: foreign language aptitude, fluid and crystallized intelligence

Journal rubric: General Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Gavrilova E.V. Individual differences in foreign language aptitude and its relation to fluid and crystallized intelligence [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2018. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 16–27. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2018070202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Evgeniya V. Gavrilova, PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Centre of Applied Researches in Psychology and Education, Moscow State University of psychology and education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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