The Problem of Coaching Effectiveness: Research in the Framework of Coaching Psychology



The article analyzes the problem of coaching effectiveness in the framework of coaching psychology, which is the young developing discipline that focuses on the psychological mechanisms of coaching. Coaching as a helping practice has been actively developing during recent years, but its effectiveness is still under debate. The article analyzes various theoretical approaches to coaching and concludes that cognitive-behavioral coaching (CBC) has the most developed evidence-based methodology. The methods and approaches for assessing the coaching effectiveness both in organizations and in individual work are analyzed. A multilevel model for assessing the effectiveness of coaching “a clock tower model” is also described. It includes both objective and subjective methods of assessment, as well as “process oriented” and “result oriented” methodologies for assessing coaching. The conclusion about the need to increase the share of quantitative and objective methods for assessing the effectiveness of coaching is made.

General Information

Keywords: coaching, coaching psychology, cognitive-behavioral coaching, coaching effectiveness, methods for evaluating the effectiveness of coaching, coaching based on Solution Focused Brief Therapy, motivational interview

Journal rubric: Labour Psychology and Engineering Psychology

Article type: review article


Funding. The publication was prepared within the framework of the Academic Fund Program at the HSE University in 2022 (grant № 22-00-014).

For citation: Antonova N.V., Naumtseva E.A. The Problem of Coaching Effectiveness: Research in the Framework of Coaching Psychology [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 94–103. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2022110109. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Natalia V. Antonova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena A. Naumtseva, PhD in Psychology, consultant, consulting company Intend, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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