Psychological safety of students in interaction with virtual reality



In the current situation, the relevance of studying the problems of the psychological security of the individual, the conditions and technologies that ensure its safe formation and development is increasing. The article presents an overview of foreign studies of the peculiarities of the influence of virtual reality technologies on the psychological safety of students, specialists, pensioners in situations of specially organized training. The results of studies of the psychological safety of a person in the context of the development of cognitive abilities, psychological well-being, mental and psychological health are analyzed. It is shown that interventions in virtual reality and game models based on virtual reality technologies used in education allow students to overcome the risks and threats to psychological security. The necessity of developing virtual reality technologies is substantiated, taking into account the goals of training and the conditions for their use by students of different ages, in different professional fields and cultures to ensure the psychological safety of the individual.

General Information

Keywords: psychological safety, virtual reality, education, mental health, psychological health, cognitive abilities, self-efficacy, subjective well-being

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology and Pedagogical Psychology

Article type: review article


Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 19-18-00058

For citation: Litvinova A.V., Berezina T.N., Kokurin A.V., Ekimova V.I. Psychological safety of students in interaction with virtual reality [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 94–104. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2022110309. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anna V. Litvinova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tatiana N. Berezina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Alexey V. Kokurin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor of the Chair of the Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminology and Criminal Enforcement Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valentina I. Ekimova, Doctor of Psychology, professor of the department of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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