Methods for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sandplay Therapy for Adults

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Abstract

The article presents a system for evaluating the effectiveness of Sandplay therapy, a modern psychological practice used in complex wellness and developmental programs, and valuable in situations of language and cultural barriers. The criteria for the effectiveness of therapy for adults are defined and differentiated. At the content level, efficiency indicators are an increase in order and a change of the destructive content of sand compositions to constructive and peaceful ones. At the procedural level, the criterion of effectiveness is the quality of "internal dialogue", reflected in the phenomenon of symbol transformation, manifested in the creation of "transitional objects" - a metaphorical support for the accumulation of positive resources. At the interpersonal and communicative level, effectiveness is marked by the appearance of a "transitional space of joint play", which gives rise to "transitional objects" and reflects the specific "resonant interaction" of the therapist and the client, which arises in a situation of emotionally saturated safe support from the therapist. The use of the Sandplay method provides a change of negative perception of oneself and the environment to a willingness to actively interact with reality and helps to reduce stress levels, which makes it possible to recommend the method as a means of broad prevention, including premature biological and psychological aging.

General Information

Keywords: Sandplay therapy; effectiveness; levels; meaningful; procedural; interpersonal; adults; prevention; anti-aging

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2022110406

Funding. The research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation (RGNF), project number 19-18-00058-P dated May 24, 2022.

Received: 15.11.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Rozenova M.I., Ognev A.S., Likhacheva E.V., Ekimova V.I. Methods for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sandplay Therapy for Adults [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 61–72. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2022110406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina I. Rozenova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6976-5587, e-mail: profi1234@yandex.ru

Alexandr S. Ognev, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Scientific Director, Humanities Institute of the Russian New University, Chief Researcher of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2944-6615, e-mail: psychology@rosnou.ru

Elvira V. Likhacheva, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of General Psychology and Labor Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0033-601X, e-mail: zin-ev@yandex.ru

Valentina I. Ekimova, Doctor of Psychology, professor of the department of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1480-3571, e-mail: iropse@mail.ru

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