Conceptual Approaches and Methods of Psychological Security Diagnostics Abroad

198

Abstract

The concerns the problem of measuring the psychological security of the individual and society, which is regarded as one of the priority areas of psychological theory and practice. The article emphasizes the interdisciplinary nature of psychological security, which has become the subject of personality psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, clinical and medical psychology, organizational psychology and labor psychology, and which apply various methods of psychodiagnostics. Conceptual approaches to psychological security as a value and need, personal and environmental characteristics, as well as an indicator of work activity in a team, and methods of its diagnosis developed by foreign researchers are presented. Some of the techniques developed in the 20th century have shown their reliability and validity and are still used in modified and adapted versions for different languages today. The methods developed in the last five years, which are designed as a result of growing problems connected with psychological security of a person in changing social conditions are also discussed. These techniques still require extensive testing of psychometrics in order to make a final decision on their reliability, validity and scope of application.

General Information

Keywords: psychological safety; personal security; psychodiagnostics; questionnaire

Journal rubric: Labour Psychology and Engineering Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2023120301

Funding. The research was funded by the grant from the Russian Science Foundation. № 22-18-00678, https://rscf.ru/project/22-18-00678/, Ivanovo State University.

Received: 02.07.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Kislyakov P.A., Shmeleva E.A. Conceptual Approaches and Methods of Psychological Security Diagnostics Abroad [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 8–18. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120301. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Tsaranov K.N., Tarbastaev A.G., Rakhmatullin R.E., Klimova E.M., Kononov A.N., Protsenko D.N., Khayrullin I.I. Adaptatsiya i pervichnaya aprobatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika “Otnoshenie k bezopasnosti» dlya meditsinskikh organizatsii” [Adaptation and initial reliability testing of the Russian-language version of the safety attitudes questionnaire for medical organizations]. Menedzher zdravookhraneniya [Health manager], 2022, no. 2, pp. 57—64. DOI:10.21045/1811-0185-2022-2-57-64 (In Rus.).
  2. Bogomaz S.A., Gladkikh A.G. Psikhologicheskaya bezopasnost' i ee izmerenie s pomoshch'yu Shkaly bazisnykh ubezhdenii [Psychological safety and its measurement with the A Scale of basic beliefs] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Tomsk state university journal, 2009, no. 318, pp. 191—194. URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=13418419 (Accessed 05.10.2023). (In Rus.).
  3. Zelenev I.A., Prokhoda V.A. Sub"ektivnoe blagopoluchie i doverie v kontekste psikhologicheskoi bezopasnosti v sovremennoi Rossii i drugikh evropeiskikh stranakh [Subjective well-being and trust in the context of psychological security in contemporary Russia and other european countries]. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny = Monitoring of public opinion: Economic and social changes, 2020, no. 1, pp. 340—367. DOI:10.14515/monitoring.2020.1.14 (In Rus.).
  4. Kashirsky D.V. Psikhometricheskii analiz oprosnika MQT — Maslow’s quick test (A. Chapman): adaptatsiya na rossiiskoi vyborke [Psychometric analysis of the MQT questionnaire — Maslow's quick test (A. Chapman): adaptation to the Russian sample] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya, sotsiologiya i pedagogika [Psychology, sociology and pedagogy], 2015, no. 4. URL: https://psychology.snauka.ru/2015/04/4810 (Accessed 18.05.2023). (In Rus.).
  5. Moskalenko G.V., Zelinskaya I.A. Predstavlenie o psikhologicheskom immunitete v otechestvennoi psikhologii [The idea of psychological immunity in Russian psychology]. Rossiiskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Russian psychological journal, 2019. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 33—44. DOI:10.21702/rpj.2019.3.3 (In Rus.).
  6. Filenko I.A., Bogomaz S.A., Galazhinsky E.V., Buravleva N.A., Levitskaya T.E., Chalimova A.A. Osobennosti psikhologicheskogo zdorov'ya studencheskoi molodezhi s pozitsii razvitiya lichnostnykh resursov: bazisnykh ubezhdenii, zhiznestoikosti, regulyatorno-lichnostnykh kharakteristik [Features of psychological health of students from the perspective of personal resources development: basic beliefs, resilience, and personal regulatory characteristics]. Sibirskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Siberian Journal of Psychology, 2023, no. 88, pp. 38—63. DOI:10.17223/17267080/88/3 (In Rus.).
  7. Khlopovskikh YU.G., Vedeneeva G.I., Sashenkov S.A., Orlova G.V. Potrebnostno-motivatsionnaya sfera sub"ektov obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v usloviyakh tsifrovizatsii obrazovaniya [The need-motivational sphere of the subjects of the educational process in the context of the digitalization of education]. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovaniya = Perspectives of science and education, 2022, no. 2(56), pp. 347—360. DOI:10.32744/pse.2022.2.21 (In Rus.).
  8. Morton L., Cogan N., Kolacz J., Calderwood C., Nikolic M., Bacon T., Pathe E., Williams D., Porges S.W. A new measure of feeling safe: Developing psychometric properties of the Neuroception of Psychological Safety Scale (NPSS). Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2022. 31 p. Advance online publication. DOI:10.1037/tra0001313
  9. Bagga M.K. The Psychological Safety of Indian School Teachers: Where the Mind is Without Fear. Education and Self-Development, 2022. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 14—21. DOI:10.26907/esd.17.4.02
  10. Cao L. The Relationship Between Adjustment and Mental Health of Chinese Freshmen: The Mediating Effect of Security and the Moderating Effect of Gender. Frontiers in Public Health, 2022. Vol. 10, article ID 916329. 6 p. DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2022.916329
  11. Chapman A. Quick Self-test Based on the Adapted 8-stage ‘Hierarchy of Needs’. [Elektronnyi resurs]. BusinessBalls. URL: http://www.businessballs.com/maslowtest.pdf (Accessed 09.04.2023).
  12. Maslow A.H., Hirsh E., Stein M., Honigmann I.A. Clinically Derived Test for Measuring Psychological Security-Insecurity. The Journal of General Psychology, 1945. Vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 21—41. DOI:10.1080/00221309.1945.10544493
  13. Cong Z., An L. Developing of Security Questionnaire and its Reliability and Validity. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 2004. Vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 97—99.
  14. Davidov E., Schmidt P., Schwartz Sh.H. Bringing Values Back In: The Adequacy of the European Social Survey to Measure Values in 20 Countries. Public Opinion Quarterly, 2008. Vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 420—445. DOI:10.1093/poq/nfn035
  15. Edmondson A.C. Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 1999. Vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 350—383. DOI:10.2307/2666999
  16. Edmondson A.C., Bransby D.P. Psychological safety comes of age: Observed themes in an established literature. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2023. Vol. 10, pp. 55—78. DOI:10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-120920-055217
  17. Takács R., Takács S., Kárász J.T., Horváth Z., Oláh A. Exploring coping strategies of different generations of students starting university. Frontiers in Psychology, 2021. Vol. 12, article ID 740569. 10 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.740569
  18. Han W., Zheng Z., Zhang N. Three Mediating Pathways of Anxiety and Security in the Relationship between Coping Style and Disordered Eating Behaviors among Chinese Female College Students. Neural Plasticity, 2021. Vol. 2021, article ID 7506754. 6 p. DOI:10.1155/2021/7506754
  19. Janoff-Bulman R. Assumptive Worlds and the Stress of Traumatic Events: Application of Schema Construct. Social Cognition, 1989. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 113—136. DOI:10.1521/soco.1989.7.2.113
  20. Kantathanawat T. Development of psychological immunity scale for undergraduate students [Elektronnyi resurs]. Journal of Industrial Education, 2020. Vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1—10. URL: https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JIE/article/view/241855 (Accessed 18.05.2023).
  21. Kerns K.A., Klepac L., Cole A. Peer relationships and preadolescents' perceptions of security in the child-mother relationship. Developmental Psychology, 1996. Vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 457—466. DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.32.3.457
  22. Khadivi-Zand, A., Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A., Falsafinejad M.R. Role of Psychological and Social Security in Predicting Depression Among Women Living in the Homeless Shelters of Tehran. Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care, 2020. Vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 213—222. DOI:10.32598/JCCNC.6.4.33.13
  23. Kislyakov P.A., Shmeleva E.A. Prosocial Orientation of Russians During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Caring for Others and Yourself. Frontiers in Psychology, 2021. Vol. 12, article ID 629467. 10 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.629467
  24. Wang J., Long R., Chen H., Li Q. Measuring the Psychological Security of Urban Residents: Construction and Validation of a New Scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 2019, no. 10, article ID 2423. 15 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02423
  25. Liao J., Sun X., Mai X., Du Y., Li F. Mindfulness and mental health in medical staff in the COVID-19 period: Mediating role of perceived social support and sense of security. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 2022. Vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 447—453. DOI:10.1080/14330237.2022.2121055
  26. Oláh A. Measurement of psychological immunity: psychometric properties of a new inventory and validity study of a new concept. Budapest: Ifjúsági, Családügyi, Szociális és Esélyegyenlőségi Minisztérium, 2005. 119 p.
  27. Zhang A., Xiong S., Peng Y., Zeng Y., Zeng C., Yang Y., Zhang B. Perceived stress and mobile phone addiction among college students: The roles of self-control and security. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2022. Vol. 13, article ID 1005062. 10 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2022.1005062
  28. Roy D. Development and Validation of a Scale for Psychological Safety in School Among High School Students in India. Management and Labour Studies, 2019. Vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 394—416. DOI:10.1177/0258042X19870330
  29. Schwartz Sh.H. A Repository of Schwartz Value Scales with Instructions and an Introduction. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2021. Vol. 2, no. 2, article ID 9. 11 p. DOI:10.9707/2307-0919.1173
  30. Popovych I., Blynova O., Halian I., Savchuk O. Self-efficacy of future athletes with different levels of psychological safety. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2020. Vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 2718—2724. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2020.05370
  31. Shapan N.L., Ahmed A.F. Rationing of Psychological Immunity Scale on a Sample of Visually Impaired Adolescents. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 2020. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 345—356. DOI:10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss3.2236
  32. Tavaloli T., Kimiaee S.A., Agha Mohammadian H.R. The Effectiveness of Marriage Enrichment Training of TIME Plan on Improving Marital Intimacy and Women’s Psychological Security. Journal of Practice in Clinical Psychology, 2022. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 259—274. DOI:10.32598/jpcp.10.3.857.1
  33. Duckitt J., Wagner C., du Plessis I., Birum I. The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: Testing a dual process model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2002. Vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 75—93. DOI:10.1037//0022-3514.83.1.75
  34. Sexton J.B., Helmreich R.L., Neilands T.B., Rowan K., Vella K., Boyden J., Roberts P.R., Thomas E.J. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research. BMC Health Services Research, 2006. Vol. 6, article ID 44. 10 p. DOI:10.1186/1472-6963-6-44
  35. Brumariu L.E., Madigan S., Giuseppone K.R., Abtahi M.M., Kerns K.A. The Security Scale as a measure of attachment: meta-analytic evidence of validity. Attachment & Human Development, 2018. Vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 600—625. DOI:10.1080/14616734.2018.1433217
  36. Cook C.L., Li Y.J., Newell S.M., Cottrell C.A., Neel R. The world is a scary place: Individual differences in belief in a dangerous world predict specific intergroup prejudices. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 2018. Vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 584—596. DOI:10.1177/1368430216670024
  37. Ünal D, Çelebi F. Is There a Difference in Parental Attitudes and Attachment for ADHD-social Phobia Comorbidity? Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 2023. Vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 24—30. DOI:10.5080/u26580
  38. Yeo S., Phua D., Hong Y. The Effects of Dangerous World Beliefs on COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors in Singapore: The Moderating Role of Public Health Communication. International Journal of Strategic Communication, 2022. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 485—498. DOI:10.1080/1553118X.2022.2036742
  39. Yildirim K., Yenipinar S. Psychological Unsafety in Schools: The Development and Validation of a Scale. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2017. Vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 167—176. DOI:10.11114/jets.v5i6.2372

Information About the Authors

Pavel A. Kislyakov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Psychology, Conflictology & Behavioristics, Russian State Social University (FSBEI HE RGSU), Chief Researcher, Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1238-9183, e-mail: pack.81@mail.ru

Elena A. Shmeleva, Doctor of Psychology, associate professor, Professor, Department of Psychology and Social Pedagogy, Ivanovo State University, Professor, Department of Physical Culture and Healthy lifestyle, Russian State Social University, Ivanovo, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4698-5226, e-mail: noc_shmeleva@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 802
Previous month: 137
Current month: 73

Downloads

Total: 198
Previous month: 38
Current month: 22