Speech Formulas Serving the Everyday Discourse of the Shangodinsky Dialect of the Avar Language

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the formulas of speech etiquette, the most common in everyday communication of the speakers of the Shangodinsky speech of the Andalal dialect of the Avar language. The relevance of the study is due to the following factors: 1) the real threat of the disappearance of this speech (today, less than a hundred people live in the village of Shangoda; 2) the lack of a special scientific study of the speech in Shangoda, the data on which are scarce and contradictory. The main research objective of the presented article is to describe the communicative functions of etiquette formulas used in the everyday discourse of the Shangodinsky speech of the Andalal dialect, with the identification of their pragmatic and semantic potential. To solve this problem, the following research methods were used: synchronous-descriptive (for a systematic description of various types of etiquette formulas), a functional method (for a communicative-semantic analysis of speech etiquette formulas); method of component analysis (for the analysis of the semantic structure of speech formulas). The method of introspection also turned out to be in demand in the work. The scientific novelty of this study lies in the involvement in scientific circulation of previously unexplored original etiquette vocabulary from the sphere of everyday discourse of one of the unexplored dialects of the Avar language. The results obtained in this connection are new. They have a certain scientific and practical significance for linguistic Dagestan studies. The practical significance of the study conducted in this article lies in the fact that the results obtained in the course of the study can be used in the preparation of special courses on the theory of speech acts, on the principles of discourse construction, as well as in the preparation of lectures on ethno-linguistics, intercultural communication and linguoculturology for the Dagestan audience.

General Information

Keywords: Shangodinsky speech, Andalal dialect, Avar language, etiquette formulas, everyday discourse

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2024110103

Received: 20.08.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Mallaeva Z.M. Speech Formulas Serving the Everyday Discourse of the Shangodinsky Dialect of the Avar Language [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2024. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 26–35. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2024110103. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Zulaikhat M. Mallaeva, Doctor of Philology, Professor, Chief Scientist, Department of Grammatical Researches of Dagestan Languages, Literature and Art named after G. Tsadasa of the Dagestan Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4303-6663, e-mail: logika55@mail.ru

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