Implicit Promises in Russian Political Discourse



The relevance of the research is due to the significant practical and theoretical interest in implicitness, in particular, to the functioning of implicit promises in Russian political discourse. The article presents the results of an experiment conducted by the author in 2023–2024 in order to identify the linguistic characteristics of an implicit political promise in Russian, describe and evaluate the impact of polymodality on the perception of a promissive textotype by the audience. To achieve this goal, methods of continuous computer sampling, questionnaires and critical discourse analysis were used, which allowed to identify lexical markers of the implementation of the intention of a promise in an implicit form in Russian political discourse, as well as to describe the influence of polymodality on the perlocation of a promise. The study sample included mini-texts with a leading promissive intention, selected for the period from 1998 to 2024.

General Information

Keywords: promise, implicitness, political discourse, pragmatics, polymodality, promissive typical text

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article


Received: 01.06.2024


For citation: Parfenova L.V. Implicit Promises in Russian Political Discourse [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2024. Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 8–18. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2024110201. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Vinokur T.G. Govoryashchii i slushayushchii: varianty rechevogo povedeniya [Speaker and listener: variants of speech behavior]. 1993. Moscow: Nauka. 180 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Grais G.P. Logika i rechevoe obshchenie [Logic and speech communication]. Novoe v zarubezhnoi lingvistike = New in foreign linguistics. Vyp. XVI. 1985. Moscow: Progress, pp. 217–237 (In Russ.).
  3. Issers O.S. Kommunikativnye strategii i taktiki russkoi rechi [Communicative strategies and tactics of Russian speech]. 2017. Moscow: Lenand. 308 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Parfenova L.V. Aktual'nye voprosy teorii implitsitnosti s pozitsii lionskoi shkoly diskursologii [Current issues of the theory of implicitness from the point of view of the Lyon school of discourse studies]. Vestnik MGLU. Gumanitarnye nauki = Bulletin of Moscow State Linguistic University. Humanities. 2021. Vyp. 8 (850), pp. 94-105. DOI: 10.52070/2542-2197_2021_8_850_94 (In Russ.).
  5. Cimmino D., Cominetti F. L’italien davvero comme déclencheur de contenus implicite dans le discours persuasif [Elektronnyi resurs] // Journal de pragmatique. 2023, pp. 84-95. Available at: (Accessed: 30.04.2024).
  6. Fairclough N. Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. 2010. London, New York: Longman. 608 p.
  7. Hall A., Mazarella D. Pragmatic inference, levels of meaning and speaker accountability [Elektronnyi resurs] // Journal of pragmatics. 2023, pp. 92–110. Available at: (Accessed: 30.04.24).
  8. Kerbrat-Orecchioni C. L’implicite. 1998. Paris: Armand Colin. 404 p.
  9. Lombardi Vallauri E. L’implicite comme moyen de persuasion: une approche quantitative, [Elektronnyi resurs] // Corela, HS–25, 2018. Available at: DOI: (Accessed: 30.04.24).
  10. Maillat D. Mettre de l’ordre dans vos inférence: limiter la variabilité des inférences pragmatiques [Elektronnyi resurs] // Journal of pragmatics. 2023, no. 205, pp. 157–168. Available at: (Accessed: 30.04.24).
  11. Searle J. Sens et expression: Etudes de théorie des actes de langage. 1982. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit. 248 p.
  12. Saussure (de) L. Parallélisme et linéarité de l’interprétation: remarques sur un cas de causalité implicite // Intellectica. 2005/1, no. 40, pp. 43–62. DOI: 10.3406/intel.2005.1358.
  13. Saussure (de) L. Implicatures et métareprésentations en contexte de presse écrite // Revue Tranel. 2006, no. 44, pp. 57–75.
  14. Sperber D., Wilson D. La pertinence. Communication et cognition. 1989. Paris: Ed. Du Minuit. 400 p.
  15. Wilson D., Sperber D. Meaning and Relevance [Elektronnyi resurs] // Cambridge University Press. 2012. Available at: (Accessed: 12.05.2024).

Information About the Authors

Lidia V. Parfenova, PhD student, Department of Russian Language and Theory of Literature, Moscow State Linguistic University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 13
Previous month: 6
Current month: 7


Total: 5
Previous month: 0
Current month: 5