Current Problems of Preschool Education



The paper deals with early childhood care and education (ECCE) issues to be discussed at the UNESCO World Conference on 27–29 September 2010. The authors recognize and analyze key trends in the development of preschool education in different countries and offer a well-substantiated approach to the related issues. The paper studies two opposite models of education in early childhood and shows major implications of each of the existing approaches. A special emphasis is laid on the development of a unified comprehensive system of preschool and primary school education. The authors firmly believe that the “junction point” between those two education stages is a critical and, in many respects, a testing element for the entire national system of early childhood education in different countries. A general analysis of current preschool education programs is provided and their impact on the age-specific development of children is discussed. The authors emphasize the significance and a special role of child-centered interaction between adults and children as well as play as a part of the development-oriented preschool education. The training of teachers for early childhood education is also discussed.

General Information

Keywords: preschool education, two models of early childhood care and education, continuity of preschool and school education, “frame” and “prescriptive” programs, development-oriented program of early childhood care and education, play, training of preschool teachers

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Rubtsov V.V., Judina E.G. Current Problems of Preschool Education. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2010. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 5–19.


  1. Vygotsky, L. S. The Collected Works in 6 volumes / Ed. A. V. Zaporozhets. Moscow, 1984.
  2. Vygotsky, L. S. Educational Psychology / Ed. V. V. Davydov. Moscow, 1991.
  3. Davydov, V. V. Last Presentations. Moscow, 1998.
  4. Zaporozhets, A. V. Some Psychological Problems of Children Play // Doshkol’noye vospitaniye. 1965. № 10.
  5. Zaporozhets, А. V. Selected Works in Psychology: In 2 volumes. Moscow, 1986.
  6. The Concept of Continuous Education Content (Preschool and Primary School Levels) // Education Curriculum in a 12-year School. Moscow, 2000.
  7. Cole, M. (Ed.). Socio-historical Approach in the Educational Psychology. Moscow, 1989.
  8. Lisina, M. I. Communication, Personality and Mentality of a Child. Moscow-Voronezh, 1997.
  9. Manuilenko, Z. V. Development of Voluntary Behavior in Preschool Children // Proceedings of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the Russian Federation, vol. 14, 1948.
  10. Strong Foundation. Early Childhood Education and Care // Global Monitoring Report on ECCE. Moscow, UNESCO, 2007.
  11. Rubtsov V. V. Fundamentals of the Sociogenetic Psychology. Moscow-Voronezh, 1996.
  12. Smirnova, Ye. O., Gudareva, O.V. Play and Voluntary Behavior in present day preschool children // Voprosy psyhologii. 2004. № 1.
  13. Elkonin D. B., Zinchenko V. P. Psychology of Development (following L. Vygotsky). Internet
    resource: [Free full-text in Russian]
  14. Elkonin, D. B. The Psychology of Play. Moscow, 1999.
  15. Yudina, E. G. Communication and activity in the preschool and primary school age group // Education: education theories, systems, techniques. Moscow, 2002.
  16. Bodrova E., & Leong, D. Tools of the mind: Vygotskian approach to early childhood education. (2nd ed.) Columbus, OH: Merrill/Prentice Hall. 2007. [Free full-text]
  17. Chaiklin S. The Zone of Proximal Development in Vygotsky’s analysis of learning and instruction. In: A. Kozulin, B. Gindis, V. Fgeev, S. Miller (Eds). Vygotsky’s educational theory in cultural context / Cambridge University Press, 2003. [Free full-text]
  18. Cole, M. & Griffin, P. A sociohistorical approach to remediation. In S. deCastell, A. Luke & K. Egan (Eds.), Literacy, society, and schooling 1986.
  19. Haywood, C. H. & Lidz, C. S. Dynamic assessment in practice: Clinical and educational applications. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  20. Heckman J. Policies to foster human capital // Research in Economics (2000) 54. [Free full-text]
  21. Heckman J., Cunha F., Lochner L., Masterov D. Interpreting the evidence on life cycle skill formation // Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 1. Amstgerdam: Elsevier, 2006. [Free full-text]
  22. Leong, D. J., Bodrova, E. Tools of the Mind: A Vygotskian based early childhood curriculum. Early Childhood Services: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Effectiveness. Vol. 3 (3), 2009. [Free full-text]
  23. McGregor S. G., Cheung Y. B., Santiago C., Glewwe P., Richter L., Strupp B., and the International Child Development Steering Group. Child development in developing countries. Lancet Series, 2007. [Free full-text]
  24. Miller S. How literature discussion shapes thinking: ZPDs for teaching/learning habits of the heart and mind. In: A. Kozulin, B. Gindis, V. Fgeev, S.Miller (Eds). Vygotsky’s educational theory in cultural context / Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  25. Wertsch J. V. Mind as action. N.Y.-Oxford, 1988.

Information About the Authors

Vitaliy V. Rubtsov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, President, Head of the International UNESCO Chair «Cultural-Historical Psychology of Childhood», Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (MSUPE), President of the Federation of Educational Psychologists of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena G. Judina, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Age Psychology Department, the Head of the Section for Psychological Problems of Pedagogical Professional Training,, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher at Psychology Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Department of Preschool Education Management, Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 7886
Previous month: 24
Current month: 8


Total: 9074
Previous month: 0
Current month: 0