New Requirements to Preschool Curriculum as a Guideline for Teachers Preparation

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Abstract

The article is devoted to important aspects of preschool teachers preparation, which are able now to ensure development of every child. The article reviews basic principles and forms of educational work with children, which are specified in a new regulatory document. It has been pointed out that new psychological qualities arising at preschool age are of great importance for each human personality formation and are the result of development. That is why the priority task of contemporary preschool education is not acquisition of multiple knowledge and skills but promotion of holistic development, making of psychological qualities and new formations. The author emphasizes that organization of developmental education, game as the main form of educational work with preschoolers, educational work arrangement via organization of a child’s collaborative and independent activity and other principles require qualitatively new, profound psychological and pedagogical preparation for teachers. In conclusion, it states that the new standard of higher vocational education along the lines of “Psychological and Pedagogical Education” will enable to prepare teachers for developmental preschool education based on theoretical grounds integrated with the new document, qualitatively new structure of curriculum and competences being formed in future teachers.

General Information

Keywords: development, education, activity, preschool age, standards

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Burlakova I.A. New Requirements to Preschool Curriculum as a Guideline for Teachers Preparation. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2010. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 41–47.

References

  1. Vygotsky L. S. Educational psychology / Edited by V.V. Davydov. Moscow, 1991.
  2. Zaporozhets A. V. Scientific concept of research at the Scientific and Research Institute of Preschool Education of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR. Web-page: http://www.tovievich.ru/book/19/205/1.htm [Free full-text in Russian]
  3. Rubtsov V. V. Federal State Educational Standards as a sociocultural basis for modernization of the pedagogical personnel preparation system. // Speech at the All-Russian conference “Projecting Basic Curricula for Higher Vocational Training in the area of designing “Psychological and
    Pedagogical Education” based on the Federal State Educational System of a new generation”. [Free .ppt presentation in Russian]
  4. Federal Target Program for Russian Education Development. Web-page: http://mon.gov.ru/dok/prav/obr/2048 [Free full-text in Russian]
  5. Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Vocational Training. http://www.mgppu.ru/StandartN.zip [Free full-text in Russian]
  6. Federal State Requirements to the Structure of Basic Comprehensive Preschool Curriculum.
    http://www.edu.ru/db-mon/mo/Data/d_09/prm655-1.htm [Free full-text in Russian]
  7. Yakobson S. G. Program “Rainbow” // Psychological Science and Education.1996. № 3.

Information About the Authors

Irina A. Burlakova, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology Chair, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0313-7518, e-mail: iaburlakova@mail.ru

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