The Role of Dynamic Toys in Child's Development

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Abstract

The article discusses a special kind of toys that reflect different types of motion, and therefore are called dynamic. On the one hand, such toys enable a child to feel own motion and its results, but on the other – represent the most important physical laws of the surrounding objective world. The author’s (E. A. Abdulaeva) typology of dynamic toys is presented. It is differentiated on three grounds: the image, the motion pattern and the complexity of motion management. The detailed classification of dynamic toys is outlined, their age-reference and their value for development at different stages of ontogeny are presented in detail. Particular attention is paid to the role of toys in the formation of spatial “Self image”, in development and mutual integration of “external Self” and “internal Self”, external and internal perception. The possible use of dynamic toys in rehabilitation and correctional work is described.

General Information

Keywords: dynamic toys, moving toys, children's experimentation, types of dynamic toys, the level of motion complexity, internal and external perception, sense of self-motion, correction and developing work.

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Abdulaeva E.A., Smirnova E.O. The Role of Dynamic Toys in Child's Development. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2011. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 46–55.

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Information About the Authors

Elena A. Abdulaeva, Educational contents specialist, Center of Psychological and Educational Expertise of Games and Toys, Associate Professor of the Department of Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow State University of psychology and education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, e-mail: elena-abdulaeva@mail.ru

Elena O. Smirnova, Doctor of Psychology, Рrofessor of the Department of Preschool Pedagogics and Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

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