Ways of Psychosocial Development During Adolescence (12–20 years)

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Abstract

We analyze the results of empirical operationalization of options (types) of psychosocial development in adolescent age. We studied a large sample of adolescents and young adults of 12-20 years (N = 1130, 48% male) from different strata of the urban and rural (17%) Ukrainian population (students of secondary, vocational, technical and higher education). We used the author’s method “Psychosocial Questionnaire”. Data were analyzed with K-means cluster analysis. We identified and analyzed five clusters (“internal”, “dominant”, “integrated”, “addict”, “aloof”), which represent individually typical features of modern youth psychosocial transition to a state of maturity. Clusters (types) were also analyzed with the following criteria: 1) productive / prosperous and non¬productive / dysfunctional types of psycho-social development; 2) psychosocial integration / adaptation and disintegration / maladaptation in the social world. We revealed the tasks and conditions of effective psychological support of the youth (correction zone) with different types of psycho-social development.

General Information

Keywords: adolescent age, subjectivity, personality, activity, type of psychosocial development, cluster analysis

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2015200203

For citation: Shamne A.V. Ways of Psychosocial Development During Adolescence (12–20 years) . Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2015. Vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 24–32. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2015200203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Azhelika V. Shamne, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Psychology, department of psychology, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1541-6079, e-mail: Shamne@ukr.net