The Development of Social Competence in Adolescents in the Conditions of Inclusive Education

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Abstract

The work is aimed at determining the level of formation of social competence in adolescents with disabilities and assessing the state of ensuring its development in adolescents by means of a lesson and extracurricular activities. The materials of an empirical study are presented, in which adolescents from 12 to 16 years old took part (N=123 with disabilities and N=123 with normotypical development). The study examined the operational-content, personal-regulatory, motivational-emotional and behavioral components of social competence. We used the methodology for studying the understanding of social situations and ideas about growing up N. Moskоlenko; adapted method of M. Rokeach; scale of emotional empathic tendencies by A. Megrabyan, N. Epstein; method of coping strategies N. Ryan-Wegner; test by S. Rosenzweig and others; methods of observation, conversation and analysis of documentation. The data obtained for each criterion indicate that the social competence of adolescents with disabilities is formed at a low level, in adolescents in the norm – at a sufficient level. An analysis of the adapted curricula and a survey of teachers showed that the methods and resources that teachers and tutors use to work with adolescents in the classroom and outside of school hours are insufficient for the formation of the presented competencies in adolescents with disabilities.

General Information

Keywords: adolescents, inclusion, social competence, components, levels, social reflection, social situations, behavior

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2022270608

Funding. This research was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation no 073-00110-22-02 dated 04.08.2022 “ Scientific and methodological support of mechanisms for the development of an inclusive educational environment in preschool and general educational organizations at the present stage”.

Received: 26.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Bystrova Yu.A. The Development of Social Competence in Adolescents in the Conditions of Inclusive Education. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2022. Vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 102–114. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2022270608.

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Information About the Authors

Yuliya A. Bystrova, Doctor of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Leading Researcher, Scientific and Methodological Center of the Institute of Inclusive Education Problems, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1866-0993, e-mail: bystrovayua@mgppu.ru

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