The Study on School Adaptation in Children with Speech Disorders

3033

Abstract

The study is on characteristics of adaptation to the new social conditions in 6-7 year-old children. The experiment involved 43 children enrolled in the two first-year classes in progymnasium number 1811 in Moscow. Pursuing the overall goal of the research the study was divided into three parts: study of speech development level in first graders; the study of school adaptation specifics in 6-7 year-old children; the comparison of diagnostic data on speech development with the results of the adaptation process study. To test our hypothesis of a relationship between adaptation characteristics and level of speech development the experimental data were subjected to statistical analysis including analysis of the differences of the quantitative characteristics and their correlations. The results indicate that successful adaptation is connected to speech development. The characteristics of school adaptation in first graders with different levels of speech development were studied using a variety of methods: interviews, observations, sociometry, “School Drawing” and “Two Schools” techniques (a modified technique “A Talk about School” by Nezhnova T.A.). The study results allow identifying the types of adaptation reflecting the process result, the normal adaptation types and the disadaptation types.

General Information

Keywords: adaptation, adaptation types, disadaptation types, speech disorders.

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

For citation: Firsanova E.Y. The Study on School Adaptation in Children with Speech Disorders [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2009. Vol. 1, no. 3 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Aleksandrovskaja Je. M. Psihologicheskoe soprovozhdenie shkol'nikov.  M., 2002.
  2. Aleksandrovskij Ju. A. Sostojanija psihicheskoj dezadaptacii i ih kompensacija (pogranichnye nervno-psihicheskie rasstrojstva) M., 1976.
  3. Badaljan L. O. Nevropatologija. M., 2001.
  4. Beljakova L. I., D'jakova E. A. Zaikanie / Uchebnoe posobie dlja studentov pedagogicheskih institutov po special'nosti «Logopedija». M., 1998.
  5. Volkova G. A.  Rechevye osobennosti detej, stradajuwih psihicheskoj deprivaciej // Innovacii v rossijskom obrazovanii. M., 2001.
  6. Vygotskij L. S. Voprosy detskoj psihologii. SPb., 1999.
  7. Diagnostika narushenij rechi u detej  i organizacija logopedicheskoj raboty v uslovijah doshkol'nogo obrazovatel'nogo uchrezhdenija. // Sbornik metodicheskih rekomendacij. Sost.: V.P.Balobanova, L.G. Bogdanova, L. V. Venediktova, T. T. Vorobej, R. I. Lalaeva i dr. SPb., 2001.
  8. Diagnostika shkol'noj dezadaptacii:  Nauchno-metodicheskoe posobie dlja uchitelej nachal'nyh klassov i shkol'nyh psihologov / Pod red. S. A. Belichevoj, I. A Korobejnikova, G. F. Kumarinoj.  M., 1993.
  9. Zhukova N. S., Mastjukova E. M., Filicheva T. B. Logopedija.// Preodolenie obwego nedorazvitija rechi u doshkol'nikov. Ekaterinburg, 1998.
  10. Zaharov A. I. Preduprezhdenie otklonenij v povedenii rebenka.  SPb., 2000.
  11. Isaev D.N. Psihoprofilaktika v praktike pediatra. L., 1984.
  12. Kovshikov V. A. Jekspressivnaja alalija. Institut obwegumanitarnyh issledovanij V. Sekachev, M., 2001.
  13. Konovalova N. L. Social'no-psihicheskaja adaptacija uchawihsja special'nyh obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij // Defektologija. SPb., 1994.
  14. Kornev A. N. Disleksija i disgrafija u detej. SPb., 1995.
  15. Korobejnikov I. A. Narushenija razvitija i social'naja adaptacija.  M., 2002.
  16. Mamajchuk I. I. Psihologija dizontogeneza i osnovy psihokorrekcii. SPb., 2000.
  17. Mastjukova E. M. Kompleksnaja psihologo-pedagogicheskaja rabota po preduprezhdeniju i korrekcii shkol'noj dezadaptacii. Posobie dlja prakticheskih rabotnikov obrazovanija. M., 2001.
  18. Morozova E. I. Psihologicheskie aspekty adaptacii k novym uslovijam vospitanija detej rannego vozrasta s psihofizicheskimi narushenijami. Diss. … kand. psihol. nauk. M., 1999.
  19. Nizhegorodceva N. V., Shadrikov V. D. psihologo-pedagogicheskija gotovnost' rebenka k shkole. M., 2001.
  20. Panfilova M. A. Igroterapija obwenija. Testy i korrekcionnye igry. M., 2001.
  21. Psiholog v detskom sadu. // Pod red. L.A. Venger, E.L. Agaevoj, R. I Bardinoj, V.V. Brofman // Rossijskaja akademija obrazovanija. Issledovatel'skij centr sem'i i detstva. Detskij centr Vengera, M., 1995.
  22. Social'naja adaptacija u detej v doshkol'nyh uchrezhdenijah/ Pod. red. R. V., Tonkovoj-Jampol'skoj, E. Shmidt-Kol'mer , A. M. Atanasovoj-Vukovoj, 1980.
  23. Firsanova E. Ju. Issledovanie motivov uchenija u  detej 6 – 7 let s narushenijami rechi. // Psihologija i shkola.  2003.  №3.
  24. Firsanova E. Ju. Vlijanie roditel'sko-detskih otnoshenij na uspeshnost' adaptacii k shkole // Psihologija i shkola. 2005.  №2.
  25. Jel'konin D. B. K probleme periodizacii psihicheskogo razvitija v detskom vozraste // Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy  M., 1989.

Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Firsanova, PhD in Psychology, Speech Therapist, State Educational Institution kindergarten №577, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: e-firsanova@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2411
Previous month: 6
Current month: 9

Downloads

Total: 3033
Previous month: 11
Current month: 3