Construction principles of prevention programs for adolescents



We present the basic principles for the development of effective programs for prevention of substance abuse among young people employed in the United States. They are based on the model of “risk factors and protective factors” and suggest a consistent, systematic, coordinated deployment of preventive interventions for children of different ages and in different social contexts (individually, in family, at school, in community). These principles can be useful for transfer of foreign experience on the Russian reality and for development of a new generation of programs for the prevention of substance abuse in Russia. Also, these principles and ideas may be partly extrapolated to develop prevention programs for other social risks.

General Information

Keywords: prevention of substance abuse, prevention programs, approaches to prevention, prevention among youth, adolescence

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Bochaver A.A., Tretyakova T.V. Construction principles of prevention programs for adolescents [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2014. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 108–116. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2014060113. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Khlomov K.D., Balaeva A.V., Bochaver A.A., Bianki E.M., Shtinova O.V., Delibalt V.V., Nazarova L.A., Milovanova E.A., Dvorjanchikov N.V., Tihomirova A.V., Kondrashkin A.V. Koncepcija programmy profilaktiki deviantnogo I asocial'nogo povedenija, snizhenija ksenofobii I projavlenijj ekstremizma v molodezhnojsrede [Conception of the program of deviant and antisocial behavior prevention and xenophobia and extremism behavior reduction among young people]. Moscow, MSUPE, 2011. 62 p.
  2. Skiba D., Monroe J., Wodarski J.S. Adolescents Substance Use: Reviewing the Effectiveness of Prevention Strategies// Social Work. 1994. Vol. 49(3), pp. 343-353.

Information About the Authors

Alexandra A. Bochaver, PhD in Psychology, Researcher, Center for Modern Childhood Studies, Institute of Education, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

T. V. Tretyakova, Medical Psychologist of Department of Prevention of Dependent Behavior, Moscow scientific and practical center of narcology of the Department of health of the city of Moscow, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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