Self-image of a child and its formation by means of spiritual and moral dialogue



We present the theoretical and methodological assumptions and results of practical application of "Open yourself" technique developed by the author and aimed at the formation of the elements of self-image in preschool children. We use the developmental potential of the method proposed by outstanding domestic psychologist and psychotherapist T.A. Florenskaya. The identity formation occurs in the process of creative communication of a child with well-known characters of Russian fairy tales in the context of the game situation, created in co-authorship of an adult and a child. The author shows that developing strength of fairy tale character is in its polysemantics, allowing the child to grant characters new dimensions, create him anew in dialogic communication; fairy tale character helps the child to implement a reflexive access to meanings infinity space, to look at himself, to see the authenticity and value of his self-image and self-image of the Other. According to the author of the technique, these characters actualize the dialogic unity of several spiritual spaces: the child himself, the grown-up interacting with him, and the context of Russian culture space.

General Information

Keywords: self-image, child spiritual world, dialogic communication, image polysemantics, co-creation, socio-cultural values, spiritual and moral education

Journal rubric: Psychology of Religion

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Ustinova O.A. Self-image of a child and its formation by means of spiritual and moral dialogue [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2014. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 238–248. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2014060127. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Aliyeva T. Child in the world image. Pre-school education . 1996 . Number 2 . Pp. 68-73 .
  2. Bolshunova NY Subjectivity as a sociocultural phenomenon . Novosibirsk: NGPU in 2005 . 545 .
  3. Bolshunova NY Preschool education organization in the forms of the game means a fairy tale. Novosibirsk : Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University , 2000 . 372 .
  4. Bolshunova N.Y. Psychological conditions of sensory education culture of the child . Novosibirsk: NGPU in 2002 . 107p .
  5. Bolshunova N.Y. Conditions and means of subjectivity : dis ... doctor . psychol. Sciences: 19.00.01 . Novosibirsk , 2007 . 545p .
  6. Berdyaev NA Creativity and objectification . Moscow. Ekonompress , 2000 . 304c.
  7. Berne E. Games people play . Psychology of human relationships. People who play games. Psychology of human destiny . Moscow: Progress Publishers , 1988. 400p .
  8. Brun B, Pedersen , E., M. Runberg Tales for the soul. Using tales in psychotherapy. M. Information . Center psychologist . Culture , 2000 . 184p .
  9. Zenkovsky VV Psychology of childhood. Moscow : School Press, 1996 . 336p .
  10. Liakhova EI When reading " Carlson "?  Discourse . 1998 . Number 5 . Pp. 48-55 .
  11. Osorina MV The secret world of children in the space of the adult world . St. Petersburg . : Peter , 1999 . 288 .
  12. Ustinova OA "The image I" and its development by means of dialogue : Author. dis. ... Cand. psychol. Sciences . Moscow: Publishing House of the " 11th format," 2012 . 25 .
  13. Florenskaya TA Dialogue in Applied Psychology : The Science of the soul. Moscow: VLADOS 2001 . 208p .

Information About the Authors

O. A. Ustinova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of Pedagogy and Psychology Department, FGNU «Novokuznetsk branch Institute of Kemerovo state University», Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2259
Previous month: 7
Current month: 4


Total: 1801
Previous month: 22
Current month: 4