Social Adaptation of Children Brought up in Orphanage

1519

Abstract

We discuss the influence of social adaptation on life success in orphans and children left without parental care when entering into an independent life. We provide the definition of the social adaptation in terms of psychology and law, review recent research findings of Russian scientists on social adaptation of children, as well as data on vital dispensation of graduates of orphanages. It is emphasized that the beginning of an independent life causes high stress, that children often cannot find their place in life and develop the mechanisms of behavior that contribute to the successful inclusion in public relations, quality education and the formation of family values. Thus, the most important condition for the successful entry of the child into an independent life is social integration into society, learning the rules and norms of behavior of society, the motivation for productive activities, education and the creation of a strong family and parenting. We provide the results of a study aimed at identifying coping strategies of behavior in stressful situations, adaptation features, as well as the level of anxiety in children-orphans and children left without parental care.

General Information

Keywords: social adaptation, pupils, orphanage, graduate, independent life

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2014060313

For citation: Larin A.N., Konopleva I.N. Social Adaptation of Children Brought up in Orphanage [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2014. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 125–135. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2014060313. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Gazaryan A. Social'naya adaptaciya detei-sirot: kratkii obzor voprosa.[Social adaptation of orphans: a short review of the issue], 2013. Available at: http://www.detdom.info/news/socialnaya-adaptaciya-detey-sirot-kratkiy-obzor-voprosa (Accessed 29.04.2014).
  2. Dement'eva I.F. Social'naya adaptaciya detei-sirot: problemy i perspektivy v usloviyakh rynka [Social adaptation of orphans: problems and prospects in the market]. Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological researches], 1992, no. 10, pp.62–70.
  3. Dement'eva I.F. Social'naya adaptaciya detei-sirot [Social adaptation of orphans]. Social'naya pedagogika v Rossii [Social pedagogics in Russia]. 2003, no. 2, pp.64–71.
  4. Mogutova E.V. Adaptaciya detei-sirot i detei, ostavshihsia bez popecheniya roditelei. [Adaptation of orphans and children left without parental care], 2012. Available at: http://nsportal.ru/detskii-sad/raznoe/adaptaciya-detey-sirot-i-detey-ostavshihsya-bez-popecheniya-roditeley (Accessed 01.05.2014).
  5. Morodenko E.V. Social'no-psihologicheskaya adaptaciya i dezadaptaciya v processe socializacii lichnosti [Socio-psychological adaptation and maladjustment in the process of socialization].Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta [Messenger of Tomsk State pedagogical university], 2009, no. 8, pp.108–111.
  6. Predsedatel' Pravitel'stva D.A. Medvedev proviol zasedanie Pravitel'stva Rossii po realizacii Nacional'noi strategii deistvii v interesah detei. [Prime D.A. Medvedev chaired a meeting of the Russian Government on the implementation of the National Strategy for Action for Children], 2012. Available at: http://xn--80abucjiibhv9a.xn--p1ai/%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8/2576 (Accessed 30.04.2014).
  7. Druzhinin V.N. (ed.) Psihologiya: uchebnik dlia gumanitarnyh vuzov [Psychology]. St-petersburg: Piter, 2009, 656 p.
  8. Selenina E.V. Modeli postinternatnogo soprovozhdeniya vypusknikov [Models postinternat support graduates]. Zhurnal " Detskii dom " [Magazine " Detsky Dom "], 2008, no. 28,pp. 36–44.
  9. Federal'nyi zakon ot 24 iyulia 1998, no. 124-FZ "Ob osnovnyh garantiyah prav rebenka v Rossiiskoi Federacii " [Federal Law of 24 July 1998 no. 124-FZ " On Basic Guarantees of the Rights of the Child in the Russian Federation "] (s izm. i dop. ot 02.12 2013. no. 328-FZ). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossiiskoi Federacii [Russian Federation Code] ot 03.08.1998., no. 31, st. 3802.

Information About the Authors

A. N. Larin, Post-graduate Student, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: aaalll999@rambler.ru

Inga N. Konopleva, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8540-8667, e-mail: konopleva.i.n@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 4372
Previous month: 25
Current month: 10

Downloads

Total: 1519
Previous month: 3
Current month: 1