Topical Issues of Standardization of the Activities of Specialists in Preparing Graduates for Independent Life and Post-boarding Support (Based on the Results of the Scientific and Practical Conference)

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Abstract

The review article presents a discussion of some topical issues of standardization of activities to prepare orphans and children without parental care for independent living and their support after graduation from various forms of education. The focus is on children of the normotypical category and children with “special needs” – with limited health and (or) disabilities, with mental development disorders, with socially significant diseases, who need to develop adherence to taking medication. The structure and content of the standards are considered, the forms and methods of preparing students for independent life and accompanying graduates are illustrated, including an analysis of organizational resources and evaluation criteria. The speakers noted the need to focus on developing skills that will be in demand in a new place of life after adulthood, as well as developing independence in performing daily life activities for special categories of graduates. The results of testing the tools for socio-psychological examination of pupils and graduates in various forms of living conditions, and certain effective practices (mentoring, training apartments, project activities, etc.) that contribute to the implementation of the provisions of the standard were presented.

General Information

Keywords: independent life; support for graduates; standard for preparing pupils for independent living; standard for post-boarding support; standardization of activities; training of pupils; post-boarding support; socio-psychological examination of students and graduates

Journal rubric: Scientific Life

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/ssc.2023040305

Funding. The study was carried out in accordance with the order of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education dated February 17, 2023. No. 06-14/172 “On the state task for 2023 and for the planning period 2024 and 2025” on the implementation of work on the scientific and methodological development of a system for assessing the readiness of graduates of organizations for orphans and children without parental care, graduates of foster care families to independent living and successful social adaptation after graduation from organizations and completion of stay in foster families.

Received: 12.12.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Merkul I.A., Volchanskaya V.O. Topical Issues of Standardization of the Activities of Specialists in Preparing Graduates for Independent Life and Post-boarding Support (Based on the Results of the Scientific and Practical Conference) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2023. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 76–90. DOI: 10.17759/ssc.2023040305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

Irina A. Merkul, PhD in Psychology, Senior lecturer, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3808-6076, e-mail: merkul07@mail.ru

Victoria O. Volchanskaya, PhD in Psychology, Director, Two Wings Family and Children’s Assistance Centre, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1685-2713, e-mail: vmerkul@mail.ru

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