Features of Legal and Social Policy of Germany Regarding "Young Grown-ups" with Migrational Background

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Abstract

The article explains the concept of "young adults" from the point of view of law enforcement and social practices in Germany, designed to help and support this population in legally relevant situations, such as criminal justice, prevention of illegal behavior and criminal involvement, problems of social integration. We provide a characteristic of the social and psychological characteristics of this group of young people, allowing to include them in the system of juvenile justice. We present the data on the nature of the crime of young adults, including those with a migration background, and on the kinds of social control and legal sanctions against them. We present models and the specific experience of working in state, municipal and non-governmental organizations with young adults in need of re-socialization and further integration into society. The comparative aspect of this problem is considered from the standpoint of the Russian legal and social policy for young adults in conflict with the law.

General Information

Keywords: young adults («Heranwachsende»), youth in conflict with the law, juvenile justice, social work, social practices, streetwork, prevention of illegal behavior, social integration of migrants

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2014060317

For citation: Aruin S.E., Chirkina R.V., Puetz E. Features of Legal and Social Policy of Germany Regarding "Young Grown-ups" with Migrational Background [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2014. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 168–180. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2014060317. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Sergey E. Aruin, Head of the Union “Decision-Trust-Perspective” (”Der Verein Akzeptanz Vertrauen Perspektive e.V.” – Dusseldorf, Germany), Research Associate, Research Laboratory of Juvenile Technologies, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: aruin@integrationavp.de

Rimma V. Chirkina, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Head of the Department of Legal and Forensic Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7040-7792, e-mail: rimmach@bk.ru

Edwin Puetz, district judge, head, The juvenile detention center, Dusseldorf, Germany

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