The Peculiarities of Parent-Child Relationship among Teenagers who are Addicted to Online Games



The family is one of the main institutions for raising a child, starting from the moment of birth and ending with his formation of a mature personality. The development of parent-child relations will determine the further formation of a person, including the emergence of addictions and other deviations. This article is devoted to the problem of the relationship between parents among teenagers who are addicted to online games. The sample consisted of 50 people, including students of secondary schools, public colleges and technical schools. Among them there are 21 girls and 29 boys aged 14 to 18 years. In the course of the study, test methods: PVP Questionnaire (Problem Video Game Playing Questionnaire) of Dr. Ricardo Tejeiro-Salguero and Dr. Rosa María Bersabé-Moran (designed to measure the disorder commonly referred to as video game addiction); questionnaire PCI (parent-child interaction) of I.M. Markovskaya. In the course of the study, a relationship was established between the assessment of satisfaction with relationships with parents and with the degree of dependence on video games in complete and single-parent families. The results showed that adolescents who are addicted to online games can experience disharmonious relationships with both their mother and father. It was found that the assessment of satisfaction with relations with parents does not depend on the composition of the family. The results also demonstrated the presence of violations in the structure of parent-child relations, which contribute to the escape from reality in online games in order to compensate for those needs that parents could not realize.

General Information

Keywords: child-parent relationships, family relationships, adolescence, online games, addictive behavior, addiction psychology

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful of organizers of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "Practical Psychology and New Reality" held by the Russian State University for the Humanities for the opportunity to present the materials discussed in the article.

For citation: Eliseeva M.I., Krieger E.E. The Peculiarities of Parent-Child Relationship among Teenagers who are Addicted to Online Games [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2021. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 51–67. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2021130304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Abramova G.S. Vozrastnaya psikhologiya [Developmental psychology]. Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vuzov. 4nd ed. Moscow: Izdatel'skii tsentr «Akademiya», 1999. 672 p.
  2. Bern E. Igry, v kotorye igrayut lyudi; Lyudi, kotorye igrayut v igry: Per. s angl. [Games People Play; People who play games]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo «E», 2018. 592 p.
  3. Bozhovich L.I. Problemy formirovaniya lichnosti: Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy [Problems of personality formation: Selected psychological works]. Fel'dshtein D.I. (ed.). 3nd ed. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnaya pedagogicheskaya akademiya, 1995. 212 p.
  4. Varga A.Ya. Sistemnaya semeinaya psikhoterapiya [Systemic family psychotherapy]. Zhurnal prakticheskoi psikhologii i psikhoanaliza = Journal of Practical Psychology and Psychoanalysis, 2002, no. 2, pp. 42–51.
  5. Vygotskii L.S. Igra i ee rol' v psikhicheskom razvitii rebenka [Play and its role in the mental development]. Voprosy psikhologii = Issues of psychology, 1966, no. 6, pp. 62–77.
  6. Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 4. Detskaya psikhologiya [Collected works: in 6 vol. Vol. 4. Children's psycholog]. El'konin D.B. (ed.). Moscow: Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p.
  7. Zaretskaya O.V. Computer and Internet Addiction: Analysis and Systematization of Approaches to Problems [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2017. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 145–165. DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2017090213 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Karabanova O.A. Psikhologiya semeinykh otnoshenii i osnovy semeinogo konsul'tirovaniya [Psychology of family relationships and the basics of family counseling]. Uchebnoe posobie. Moscow: Gardariki, 2005. 320 p.
  9. Kochetkov N.V. Socio-psychological aspects of addiction to online games and methods of its diagnosis [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social psychology and society, 2016. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 148–163. DOI:10.17759/sps.2016070311 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  10. Karpenko L.A. Kratkii psikhologicheskii slovar' [Brief psychological dictionary]. Petrovskogo A.V., Yaroshevskogo M.G. (ed.). Moscow: Politizdat, 1985. 431 p.
  11. Kulagina I.Yu., Kolyutskii V.N. Vozrastnaya psikhologiya: Polnyi zhiznennyi tsikl cheloveka [Age psychology: The complete life cycle of a person]. Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Moscow: TTs «Sfera», 2001. 464 p.
  12. Massen P., Kondzher Dzh., Kagan Dzh., Kh'yusta A. Razvitie lichnosti rebenka [Child personality development]. Moscow: Progress, 1987. 270 p.
  13. Satir V. Kak stroit' sebya i svoyu sem'yu: Per. s angl. [How to build yourself and your family]. Moscow: Pedagogika-Press, 1992. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Sobkin V.S., Fedotova A.V. Network as a socialization space for a modern teenager [Elektronnyi resurs]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling psychology and psychotherapy, 2019. Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 119–137. DOI:10.17759/cpp.2019270308 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  15. Fleik-Khobson K., Robinson B. E., Skin P. Mir vkhodyashchemu: Razvitie rebenka i ego otnoshenii s okruzhayushchimi: Per. s angl. [Peace to the incoming: Development of the child and his relationship with others]. Matskovskii (ed.). Moscow: Tsentr obshchechelovecheskikh tsennostei, 1992. 511 p.
  16. Furmanov I.A. Psikhologiya deprivirovannogo rebenka [Psychology of a deprived child]. Moscow: Vlados, 2004, p. 70.
  17. Kharchev A.G., Matskovskii M.S. Sovremennaya sem'ya i ee problem [Modern family and its problems]. Moscow: Statistika, 1978. 224 p.
  18. El'konin D.B. Psikhologiya igry [Psychology of the game]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Gumanit. izd. tsentr VLADOS, 1999. 360 p.
  19. Chai S.L., Chen V.H.-H., Khoo A. Social relationships of gamers and their parents [Elektronnyi resurs]. ScienceDirect, 2011. Vol. 30, pp. 1237–1241. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.239
  20. Petry N.M. et al. An international consensus for assessing internet gaming disorder using the new DSM-5 approach [Elektronnyi resurs]. Wiley Online Library, 2014. Vol. 109, no. 9, pp. 1399–1406. DOI:10.1111/add.12457
  21. Tejeiro Salguero R.A., Moran R.M.B. Measuring problem video game playing in adolescents [Elektronnyi resurs]. Wiley Online Library, 2002. Vol. 97, no. 12, pp. 1601–1606. DOI:10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00218.x
  22. Tolchinsky A., Jefferson Stephen D. Problematic Video Game Play in a College Sample and Its Relationship to Time Management Skills and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptomology [Elektronnyi resurs]. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2011. Vol. 14, no 9, pp. 489–496. DOI:10.1089/cyber.2010.0315

Information About the Authors

Maria I. Eliseeva, specialist degree, Russian State University for the Humanities (RSUH), Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Eugenia E. Krieger, Doctor of Psychology, Docent, Head of Department, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Education, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 1253
Previous month: 41
Current month: 23


Total: 776
Previous month: 38
Current month: 5