Features of Motivation and Personality in Students in Multicultural Rural Educational Environments

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Abstract

The article discusses features of motivation and personality in adolescents studying in multicultural schools located in rural ares and offers psychological and pedagogical technologies for the study and prevention of negative phenomena. The materials of an empirical study obtained on a sample of 30 students of 8-9 grades of three rural schools of the Tula region are described. We used the questionnaires developed by ourselves as well as the following techniques: "Scale for assessing the need for achievement" (Yu.M. Orlov), "Motivation for success" (T. Ehlers), "Meaning-of-life orientations test" (D.A. Leontiev), "Lifestyle index" (a questionnaire by Plutchik-Kellerman-Conte). To prevent the negative phenomena in rural adolescents in a multicultural environment, the program "Strive for Change" was developed and tested. It includes the following areas of focused work: self- knowledge and self-development; development of the adolescent community; relationships with peers and adults; involvement in various activities based on the needs and interests of adolescents; actualization of professional self-determination; interaction with the family, class teacher, social worker; promoting the interest in representatives of various nationalities. We also provided several recommendations to teachers and parents on how to establish an appropriate environment for rural adolescents that would promote successful development of their motivation and personality. We suggest that such environment should meet the following requirements: the psychological and pedagogical work should be aimed at shaping the identity of a rural community member; families and schools should join their efforts in supporting traditions and transforming the rural society; any prevention programs and its methodological framework should be based on psychological and educational technologies that take into account the social and individual features of rural adolescents; interactions with adolescents should involve active engagement in socially significant activities based on their interests and abilities.

General Information

Keywords: adolescence, rural youth, multicultural environment, features of motivation and personality, prevention, design

Journal rubric: Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2022140102

Received: 10.11.2020

Accepted:

For citation: Dekina E.V., Shalaginova K.S. Features of Motivation and Personality in Students in Multicultural Rural Educational Environments [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2022. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 17–31. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena V. Dekina, PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Associate Professor, Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tula State Pedagogical University. L.N. Tolstoy, Tula, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4995-9071, e-mail: kmppedagogika@yandex.ru

Ksenia S. Shalaginova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Research Associate, Associate Professor, Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tula state Pedagogical University. L. N. Tolstoy, Tula, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9037-449X, e-mail: shalaginvaksenija99@yandex.ru