Examination in Conditions of Distance Learning

153

Abstract

The existing forms, methods and tools for conducting the exam in a distance format, their potential and risks are analyzed in the article. Attention is drawn to the fact that the methods and tools used for remote monitoring have drawbacks, such as significant costs in organizing proctoring and difficulties in assessing one of the key competencies of a student, namely, the willingness to use systematized theoretical and practical knowledge to formulate and solve research problems. The authors see the solution to the problem in the application of the activity-based and competence-based approaches to the certification, offer methodological recommendations for conducting the exam remotely. Based on the developed methodological recommendations, tasks are formulated in accordance with the upper levels of Bloom's taxonomy, which makes it possible to increase the objectivity of the assessment, since the test will concern the ability to apply theoretical knowledge in practice. Possible options for practice-oriented examination questions for disciplines of natural science and social-humanitarian orientation for an online exam are presented. As a result of discussing the prospects for conducting a remote exam in accordance with the proposed methodological recommendations, it was revealed that the majority of the interviewed teachers and students are interested in the transition to a new format of the exam.

General Information

Keywords: Distance learning, online-examination, problems in the organization of examination in distance learning, activity approach, skills approach to the assessment of knowledge, practice-oriented exercises

Journal rubric: Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2022140105

Received: 11.08.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Malshakova I.L., Portnov Y.A. Examination in Conditions of Distance Learning [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2022. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 63–76. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140105. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Avakyan I.B., Vinogradova G.A. Otsenka innovatsionnoi gotovnosti pedagogicheskikh kollektivov vuzov [Elektronnyi resurs] [Evaluation of Innovative Readiness of Teaching Staff of Universities]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2020. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 16–30. DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2020120102 (In Russ.).
  2. Vasil'eva A. Na ekrane dolzhny byt' vidny ruki studenta [Elektronnyi resurs] [The student’s hands should be visible on the screen]. Gazeta "Kommersant"[Newspaper "Kommersant" from 04.04.2020]. URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4314144 (Accessed 30.12.2020). (In Russ.).
  3. Gromyko Yu.V. Davydov – osnovatel' deyatel'nostnoi praktiki obrazovaniya [Vasiliy Davydov: The Founder of Activity Practice in Education]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 5–18. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250501 (In Russ.).
  4. Dneprovskaya N.V., Shevtsova I.V. Otkrytye obrazovatel'nye resursy: sovremennye perspektivy [Open Educational Resources: Current Perspectives]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii = Higher Education in Russia, 2019, no. 8-9, pp. 110–118. DOI:10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-8-9-110-118 (In Russ.).
  5. Dodonov B.M., Borisov S.V., Artem'eva T.L., Mashkin A.L. Elektronnyi obuchayushchii kompleks po teoreticheskoi mekhanike na platforme MOODLE (ot proekta do kursa) [Electronic training complex in theoretical mechanics on the MOODLE platform (from project to course)]. Chelovek i Vselennaya = Man and the Universe, 2019, no. 2(96), pp. 10–19. (In Russ.).
  6. Enikolopov S.N., Boiko O.M., Medvedeva T.I., Vorontsova O.Yu., Kaz'mina O.Yu. Dinamika psikhologicheskikh reaktsii na nachal'nom etape pandemii COVID-19 [Elektronnyi resurs] [Dynamics of Psychological Reactions at the Start of the Pandemic of COVID-19]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2020. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 108–126. DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2020120207 (In Russ.).
  7. Isaev E.I. Deyatel'nostnyi podkhod v pedagogicheskom obrazovanii: stanovlenie i realizatsiya [Activity Approach in Teacher Training: Formation and Implementation]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 109–119. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250509 (In Russ.).
  8. Kalacheva I.V. Sistema distantsionnogo obucheniya MOODLE v obrazovatel'nom prostranstve VUZa [MOODLE distance learning system in the educational space of the university]. Materialy X Mezhdunarodnoi uchebno-metodicheskoi konferentsii "Sovremennyi universitet v tsifrovoi obrazovatel'noi srede: orientir na operezhayushchee razvitie" (g. Cheboksary, 25 oktyabrya 2018 g.). [Materials of the X International Educational and Methodological Conference "Modern University in the Digital Educational Environment: A Guide to Advanced Development"]. Cheboksary: Chuvash State University, 2018, pp. 19–23. (In Russ.).
  9. Kalimullina O.V., Trotsenko I.V. Sovremennye tsifrovye obrazovatel'nye instrumenty i tsifrovaya kompetentnost': analiz sushchestvuyushchikh problem i tendentsii [Modern digital educational tools and digital competency: analysis of existing problems and trends]. Otkrytoe obrazovanie = Open education, 2018, no. 3, pp. 61–73. DOI:10.21686/1818-4243-2018-3-61-73 (In Russ.).
  10. Kosareva I.A., Shilova T.V. Ispol'zovanie programmy SKYPE dlya konsul'tatsii po fizike dlya inostrannykh studentov podgotovitel'nogo fakul'teta [Using the SKYPE Physics Advice for Foreign Students of the Preparatory Department]. Vestnik Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Bulletin of Tula State University, 2013, no. 1(12), pp. 20–24. (In Russ.).
  11. Nikulina T.V., Starichenko E.B. Informatizatsiya i tsifrovizatsiya obrazovaniya: ponyatiya, tekhnologii, upravlenie [Informatization and digitalization of education: concepts, technologies, management]. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii = Teacher Education in Russia, 2018, no. 8, pp. 107–113. DOI:10.26170/po18-08-15 (In Russ.).
  12. Nurkaeva I.M., Zaitsev A.N., Ogloblin A.A. Informatsionnaya sistema dlya monitoringa uchebnykh dostizhenii studentov MGPPU [Information system for monitoring the educational achievements of students of MSUPE]. Modelirovanie i analiz dannykh = Data Modeling and Analysis, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 30–41. (In Russ.).
  13. Prikaz Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovaniya Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 14 marta 2020 g. № 397 «Ob organizatsii obrazovatel'noi deyatel'nosti v organizatsiyakh, realizuyushchikh obrazovatel'nye programmy vysshego obrazovaniya i sootvetstvuyushchie dopolnitel'nye professional'nye programmy, v usloviyakh preduprezhdeniya rasprostraneniya novoi koronavirusnoi infektsii na territorii Rossiiskoi Federatsii» [Elektronnyi resurs] [Order of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation of March 14, 2020 No. 397 "On the organization of educational activities in organizations implementing educational programs of higher education and corresponding additional professional programs, in the context of preventing the spread of a new coronavirus infection in the Russian Federation"]. Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovaniya Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation]. URL: https://minobrnauki.gov.ru/ru/documents/card/?id_4=1064 (Accessed 02.05.2020).
  14. Rudskoi A.I., Borovkov A.I., Romanov P.I., Kolosova O.V. Puti snizheniya riskov pri postroenii v Rossii tsifrovoi ekonomiki. Obrazovatel'nyi aspekt [Ways to reduce risks in building a digital economy in Russia. Educational aspect]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii = Higher Education in Russia, 2019, no. 2, pp. 9–22. DOI:10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-2-9-22 (In Russ.).
  15. Sorokova M.G. Tsifrovaya obrazovatel'naya sreda universiteta: komu bolee komfortno v nei uchit'sya? [Digital Educational Environment in University: Who is More Comfortable Studying in It?]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 44–58. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250204 (In Russ.).
  16. Sorokova M.G. Elektronnyi kurs kak tsifrovoi obrazovatel'nyi resurs smeshannogo obucheniya v usloviyakh vysshego obrazovaniya [Electronic course as a digital educational resource for blended learning in higher education]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–50. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250104 (In Russ.).
  17. Starodubtsev V.A., Sitnikova O.V., Lobanenko O.B. Optimizatsiya kontenta onlain-kursa po dannym statistiki aktivnosti pol'zovatelei [Content optimization for online courses based on user activity statistics]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii = Higher Education in Russia, 2019, no. 8-9, pp. 119–127. DOI:10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-8-9-119-127 (In Russ.).
  18. Uvarov A.Yu., Frumina I.D. Trudnosti i perspektivy tsifrovoi transformatsii obrazovaniya [Difficulties and prospects of the digital transformation of education]. Moscow: VShE Publ., 2019. 343 p.
  19. Fedaeva E.M. Instrumenty i metody agregatsii znanii v SCRUM-komandakh na osnove instrumentov MS SHAREPOINT TEAMS/PLANNER [Tools and methods of knowledge aggregation in SCRUM teams based on MS SHAREPOINT TEAMS/PLANNER tools]. Tezisy 70-i mezhregional'noi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh "Stupeni rosta" (g. Kostroma, 26 marta-30 aprelya 2018 g.). [Abstracts of the 70th Interregional Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists "Steps of Growth"]. Kostroma: KGU, 2018, pp. 241–242. (In Russ.).
  20. Bates A.W. Teaching in a Digital Age. Vancouver BC, 2015. 583 p.
  21. Bloom B.S. Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals: Handbook I, cognitive domain. New York: Longman, 1956. 207 p.
  22. Bloom B.S. Handbook on formative and summative evaluation of student learning. Hastings, Madaus, McGraw-Hili, 1971. 923 p.

Information About the Authors

Irina L. Malshakova, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Chair of Teaching History, Social Studies and Law, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7610-9852, e-mail: irina-malshakova@yandex.ru

Yuriy A. Portnov, PhD in Physics and Matematics, Associate Professor, Chair of Physics, The Moscow state automobile and road technical university (MADI), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6317-687X, e-mail: portnovyura@yandex.ru